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Narrations on the pastimes of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Radha-Krishna.

Sri Krishna Jayanti - Janmastami Celebration!

Madhava - Sat, 31 Aug 2002 02:07:57 +0530
We are now celebrating Sri Krishna Jayanti, the sacred birthday of Sri Krishnacandra!

I'll be posting selected nectar from various places over the following two days to come, something from Ananda Vrindavan Campu which has beautiful descriptions of Sri Krishna's birth celebrations during prakata-lila, and let's see what more I find.

The following text is Sri Siddha Krishnadas Babaji Maharaja's description of Janmastami celebration in nitya-lila, describing both Mahaprabhu's celebration during Navadvipa-lila and the actual annual Vraja-pastimes on this occasion.
Madhava - Sat, 31 Aug 2002 02:17:17 +0530


As Described by Sri Siddha Krishnadas Babaji Maharaja in his Gutika

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Krsna's birthday festival takes place on the eighth day of the dark lunar quarter of the month of Bhadra, corresponding with the month of August, sometimes September. Siddha Sri Krsna dasa Babaji here narrates both the celebration in Navadvipa in Gaura-lila and the celebration in Vraja in Krsna-lila.  

On the first day of the dark lunar quarter of the month of Bhadra an orchestra (playing different drums as well as wind-instruments like Sanai) sits down in Nanda Maharaja's house and starts playing auspicious music. From that day on until the sixth day (sasthi) arrangements are being made to beautify the palace of Nanda Maharaja and the whole village of Nandisvara. A wonderful canopy adorned with jewelled strings is hung over the courtyard, each door and gate is flanked by banana-trees and jugs filled with mangoes and flags are flapping here and there. The houses of all the citizens and all the marketplaces are also beautified like this. The royal roads and all the other pathways are sprinkled with fragrant water, so that newcomers can understand that there is a great festival going on in each and every home.

In the evening of the sixth lunar day Sri Nanda Maharaja sends his invitations  - to the men through Sri Subhadra (the cousin of Krsna and the husband of Kundalata) and to the women through Dhanistha (the daughter of one of Krsna's wet-nurses). Sri Subhadraji first goes to Vrsabhanupura, or Varsana, and tells Maharaja Vrsabhanu: "The day after tomorrow is Krsna's birthday, and on this occasion Sri Nanda Maharaja has invited you, saying: "This abode is yours, enjoy it as if it's yours, I don't know anything (in terms of 'yours' and 'mine')! Please come tomorrow morning to Nandisvara and make this invitation a success!" In the same way Dhatri-kanya Dhanistha extends Mother Yasoda's invitation to Mother Kirtida. The same kind of invitation is announced in Yavata (the abode of Abhimanyu, Sri Radhika's husband) and to all other friends and relatives.

(On saptami, astami and navami, that is, on Janmastami and the preceding and following days, Krsna does not go out to herd the cows and Sri Radhika dwells in Nandagrama).



In Navadvipa, on the seventh day of the dark lunar quarter of the month of Bhadra, Mahaprabhu performs His usual morning-duties and then sits down to listen to the Srimad Bhagavata-discourse with His devotees. Knowing Mahaprabhu's mind Gadadhara Pandita, the Bhagavata-lecturer, describes how Sri Vrsabhanu Maharaja and his relatives come from Varsana to Nandisvara to celebrate Sri Krsna's birthday festival. Upon hearing this Mahaprabhu and His devotees all become absorbed in the mood of Vraja.


On the seventh day of the dark lunar quarter everyone in Vrsabhanupura finishes their morning duties, bathes, dresses, ornaments and takes a light breakfast before departing to Nandisvara, taking garments and ornaments along as presents for Krsna's birthday. Sri Vrsabhanu Maharaja and his brothers mount elephants and leave Varsana, accompanied by musicians and soldiers. Sri Kirtida Mata and her sisters-in-law, wet-nurses and other relatives also depart in topmost bliss, sitting in covered palanquins, carried by four bearers each. Sridama-candra, Sri Radhika's brother, mounts his own horse and departs for Nandisvara with his soldiers and musicians, followed by Sri Radhika and Her sakhis in palanquins and Candravali and the yuthesvaris (gopi-groupleaders) in different vehicles. As Vrsabhanu Maharaja and his brothers gradually approach Nandisvara town Nanda Maharaja and his brothers hear their music and come forward to greet them. The guests dismount their elephants and greet Nanda Maharaja and his brothers by embracing them, addressing them and offering obeisances to them. Nanda Maharaja keeps the soldiers outside and takes the guests inside, giving each of them a proper place to stay. In the same way Sri Yasomati Mata and her sisters-in-law greet Sri Kirtida Mata, Sri Radhika, and the sakhis and yuthesvaris with the proper respect and affection, take them inside the palace and show them their respective guest rooms. Then everyone takes rest in their own abode while the servants and maidservants are engaged in their services.

After this Sri Vrsabhanu Maharaja, Kirtida Mata, Sri Radhika and all the sakhis and yuthesvaris take a small snack. Then, on the order of Mother Yasomati, Sri Radhika and Her sakhis engage in cooking different sweets, rice and vegetables, that are offered to Nanda Maharaja's Narayana-deity by Madhumangala. After this offering is done arati is performed for the deity. Servants are dancing, singing and playing musical instruments and everyone present is very blissfully witnessing this. After arati everyone offers prostrated obeisances unto the deity and on the order of Mother Yasoda Madhumangala puts the deity to rest and calls everyone for prasada. On the large yard Sri Nanda Maharaja sits down to eat on the eastern side with his brothers Abhinanda and Upananda, Vrsabhanu Maharaja and his four brothers, Sridama, Balarama, Subhadra and Gobhatta on his right and Sunanda and Nandana, his other two brothers, Sri  Krsna, Subala, Ujjvala, Kokila and others on his left. Sri Krsna's maternal uncles sit facing Nanda Maharaja and Abhimanyu and other cowherders sit facing Maharaja Vrsabhanu. On the southern side all the local brahmanas are sitting and all around the inhabitants of Nandisvara are seated. Sri Radha and Her sakhis serve the side of Nanda Maharaja and Syamala, Candravali and other yuthesvaris are serving Sri Vrsabhanu Maharaja's side. They diligently serve sweetmeats, rice and vegetables. Everyone present eats with great pleasure, absorbed in joking and laughter, and after eating they wash their mouths, chew betelleaves and retire to their individual bedrooms, where their servants render them all the services that are suitable for the time of the day. Sri Radha washes Her hands and feet and becomes immersed in transcendental bliss by beholding Krsna's beauty through the window as He lays down to rest. After that Yasomati Mata calls Sri Radhika and the yuthesvaris and makes them sit down on the courtyard. Sri Radha and Her sakhis sit in one line, Candravali, Syamala and others sit in another line and Yasomati Mata, Kirtida Mata and other elderly gopis sit in yet another line while Mother Rohini, Tungi Mata and Kundalata are serving. After blissfully eating and washing their mouths all the ladies go to their individual bedrooms and take rest, being served by their maidservants, who fan them and serve them betelleaves. After this the (local) maidservants and the manjaris (Sri Radhika's maidservants) also eat in order. After eating the ambrosial food remnants of all the gopis the sadhaka dasi cleans the eating place and the plates and then goes to Sri Radha to massage Her lotus feet and render similar services.

Later Sri Radha gets up from bed, meets Krsna for the usual Yogapitha Milana in Gupta Kunda and returns to Nandisvara Pura again. After taking some rest She prepares some sweets, is dressed and ornamented by Her maidservants and then goes on abhisara on the pretext of offering surya puja. After then playing Her usual pastimes with Krsna at Radhakunda She returns to Nandisvara in the afternoon. The other pastimes of the day are also as usual (nityavat).


(Mahaprabhu takes His meal and takes rest)

In Navadvipa Mahaprabhu is absorbed in the bhogarati-kirtana of the householddeity Lord Narayana with His devotees. Then, when Mother Saci calls Him, He ends the kirtana and eats and rests as usual. The rest of His pastimes are also as usual.

Thus ends the Saptami lila



In Navadvipa, on the morning of the eighth day of the dark lunar fortnight of the month of Bhadra, Mahaprabhu takes His usual morning bath, sees the arati-ceremony for Lord Narayana and then sits down with His devotees to listen to a Srimad Bhagavata-lecture given by Sri Gadadhara Pandita Gosvami. As Gadadhara describes the lila of Krsna's Janmastami-abhiseka Mahaprabhu and His devotees all become absorbed in Vraja-bhava.


In Nandisvara, on the astami-day, Sri Radha is bathed, dressed and ornamented by Her maidservants as usual. Then Kundalata comes and says: "O Radhe! Come and behold Sri Krsna's abhiseka-ceremony!" Hearing this, Sri Radhika takes Her sakhis and manjaris along and comes to the place of the abhiseka. The young and old villagers, men and women and all others who are called also arrive at the spot.

Sri Krsna is also bathed as usual, after which His servants dress Him with a white garment, place a pearl in His nose, hang a golden necklace around His neck, place armlets on His arms, bangles on His wrists, a belt with small bells around His waist and golden anklebells on His feet. Then Krsna goes to the bathing platform and sits down on a golden chair studded with jewels. Musicians play different instruments, brahmanas chant Vedic hymns, women chant 'Jaya Jaya!' and bards and panegyrists recite different praises. Sri Bhaguri Rsi recites the abhiseka-mantras and the servant boys perform the abhiseka. First of all they bathe Krsna with Mahausadhi (herbal) water and then gradually with pancagavya (five kinds of dairy-products) pancamrta (five kinds of nectar), a hundred jugs of water, then with a thousand streams of water and finally with sankhodaka (water from a conchshell). Then they dry Him off and dress Him in His Pitambara, after which Krsna sits down on a jewelled seat on His srngara vedi (altar for ornamentation), where He is ornamented by His servants.


In Navadvipa Mahaprabhu sits down on the bathing platform, immersed in transcendental bliss. The servant-boys bring the paraphernalia for the abhiseka and Sri Advaita Prabhu performs the abhiseka according to the prescribed rules. Then the servants dry Mahaprabhu off and dress Him in His Pitavasa. Then Mahaprabhu takes His seat on a jewelled throne in His srngara-mandapa (pavilion for ornamentation), where the servants arrange His hair, put His tilaka on, adorn Him with sandalwood-pulp, garlands and jewelled ornaments and place a mirror before Him. Then Svarupa Damodara performs the arati of Mahaprabhu. After this, Svarupa Damodara Gosvami gradually sings kirtana-songs about Sri Krsna's dressing, ornamentation and breakfast. All the devotees who hear it then become absorbed in Vraja-bhava and relish the mellows of these pastimes.


In Nandalaya Krsna sits on His srngara mandapa, where His servants decorate His hair and place a golden, jewel-studded crown with peacock-feathers on His head. They make gorocana tilaka on His forehead and leaf pictures on His cheeks, hang a pearl in His nose, Makara-earrings on His ears, a jewelled necklace around His neck, Angada-ornaments on His arms, bangles on His wrists, a sash of small bells around His waist and jewelled anklebells on His feet. Bhaguri Rsi worships Krsna seven times with Durva-sprouts in his hand and all the brahmanas offer blessings. Sri Vrsabhanu Maharaja and others bless Krsna and offer Him golden trays with clothes and ornaments, Sri Kirtida Mata and other elderly ladies with motherly love offer their gifts and bless Krsna, and Sri Radhika offers Krsna a golden tray with garments and ornaments and hangs a jewelled necklace around His neck. In the same way Candravali and the other yuthesvaris offer different presents. Then Krsna donates a milk cow-with-calf, with gold-plated horns and silver hooves, bedecked with golden cloth and decorated with different ornaments, to Bhaguri Rsi. Sri Nanda Maharaja also gives thousands and thousands of cows in charity to the brahmanas. Then Krsna descends from the altar and offers His obeisances to Paurnamasi-devi and the other brahmanas. Then He bows down to His mother and father and to Sri Vrsabhanu Baba and Kirtida Mata, as well as to all His other superiors, that are like His father and mother. Then Sri Krsna is called by mother Yasoda to come to the dining room with His friends to take a snack. Sri Radha and Her girlfriends and yuthesvaris also all take a snack, after which mother Yasoda engages them in cooking. Meanwhile hundreds of brahmanas are engaged elsewhere in cooking large amounts of food.

Yasomati comes to inspect all the preparations and then orders Madhumangala to offer them to the household-deity, so Madhumangala comes and offers a little bit of each preparation to Lord Narayana. After the bhoga he performs arati and then puts the deity to rest. Then on different courtyards the Dadhikada-game  commences. On the outer yard Sri Nanda Maharaja plays with Maharaja Vrsabhanu, his brothers and all the other elderly cowherders and on another yard Balarama and Krsna and other cowherdboys become mad with playing Dadhikada.

In the inner quarters of the house Vrajesvari Mata, Kirtida Mata and their sisters-in-law are playing, and on another inner yard Sri Radha, Candravali and other yuthesvaris are maddened by the Dadhikada-game, which is accompanied by dancing, singing and the playing of musical instruments. Mukhara and other elderly gopis are dancing in the middle, wielding sticks. Everyone throws yoghurt, milk, ghi, buttermilk, butter, oil, turmeric, liquid sandalwood, vermilion, water and kesara (pollen tubes) at each other. Out of excitement everyone forgets who is superior and who is junior; everyone tries to pelt everyone else with yoghurt and milk. The thrown yoghurt and milk streams through the drains like a virtual river, and when the pollen-tubes and the butter form balls in the drains and thus cause them to clog, small lakes of milk and yoghurt are being formed on the yards. Later, when these stoppages are removed, the released milk and yoghurt streams away as fast as rivers. When the demigods in the sky see this festival of bliss they shower flowers and some of them assume human forms and dance amongst the cowherders. Other demigods assume the form of birds and eat up the stoppages of butter. The singers, players and the male and female dancers dance in ecstasy and the bards and panegyrists consider themselves blessed by singing the glories of Gokula and Sri Krsna.

After completing the Dadhikada-game in this way everyone proceeds to Pavana Sarovara and begins to play in the water of this lake. In the northern Ghata (bathing place) are Vraja Raja Nanda, Maharaja Vrsabhanu and others, in the eastern Ghata Balarama, Krsna and Their cowherd boyfriends, in the southern Ghata Vrajesvari Yasoda, Kirtida Mata and others and in the western Ghata Sri Radha, Candravali and others are playing in the water, splashing each other. When they climb back on the shore their servants and maidservants wipe off their bodies, massage them with oil and give them another bath. After this they dry them off and dress them in dry, fresh clothes. When everyone returns to the palace Nanda Maharaja presents each person, according to his social status, with clothes and ornaments and Vrajesvari does the same with the lady-guests. Everyone is then dressed and decorated with these gifts by their own servants or maidservants. After this, Nanda Maharaja first seats the brahmanas on the courtyard and feeds them the most exquisite sweets and fried things. After the brahmanas have eaten Mother Yasoda has the brahmacaris call everyone for the feast.


Mahaprabhu sits on the srngara mandapa with His associates, absorbed in the Vraja-bhava, while in the inner courtyard Laksmipriya, Visnupriya and others are preparing different kinds of sweets, fried things and vegetables for the offering to Lord Narayana. Then, on the order of Mother Saci Isana Dasa comes and says: "O Mahaprabho! The offering for Lord Narayana is ready! Mother is calling You to do the offering!" Hearing this, Mahaprabhu roars and returns (from Vraja-bhava) to external consciousness. The devotees also return to external consciousness and Svarupa Damodara ends his descriptive kirtana. Then, on Mahaprabhu's order, Gadadhara Pandita offers the bhoga to Lord Narayana. Mahaprabhu and His devotees sit down in the Narayana-temple and become absorbed in singing about Radha and Krsna and Their friends eating in Nandisvara in Vraja.


Vrajesvari Mata orders the brahmacaris to call everyone for the feast and Vrajesvara Nanda sits down with Vrsabhanu Raja and his sons, friends and fellow-villagers on the large courtyard and blissfully starts feasting, just like the previous day. After eating they all wash their mouths and chew betelleaves before retiring to their individual rooms to lie down and digest the feast. Everyone is then served by their own servant or maidservant as is required at that time of the day.

Meanwhile Vrajesvari Mata serves Kirtida Mata, Sri Radhika and all the other gopis a feast on the inner yard of the palace, just like the previous day. The ladies also wash their mouths, chew betelleaves and retire to their individual rooms to lie down and digest the food.

Vrajaraja then offers the brahmanas clothes, ornaments and monetary donations and honours them before they leave. After this he offers clothes, ornaments and monetary donations to the bards, panegyrists, dancers and singers and serves them a great feast, and then he also feeds and honours the beggars and destitutes before they leave. Then he goes to his own room and takes rest. Sri Radha and Krsna and Their sakhis then perform Their daily midday pastimes just as on the previous day or on any other day.


In Navadvipa Mahaprabhu and His devotees end their song about the feast in Vraja-lila. Gadadhara Pandita takes the enjoyed offering from the altar, washes the mouth of the deity and performs aratrika. Mahaprabhu and His devotees then offer prostrated obeisances to the deity and go to the veranda of Mahaprabhu's bedroom and sit down there. Then, after the usual meeting in the Yogapitha they wander through the forests and go to Sri Advaita Prabhu's house in the afternoon, where they have been invited. There they have darsana of the arati of Prabhu Sitanatha's deity Sri Madana Gopala and perform kirtana. After enjoying fruits and milk-products they all take rest in the house of Sri Advaita Prabhu. After this they perform their usual nocturnal pastimes such as abhisara (love-journey) and return to Sri Advaita Prabhu's house again at night's end to take rest.

Thus Ends the Astami Lila



In the morning Mahaprabhu wakes up in Sri Advaita Prabhu's house, performs His morning-duties, bathes, is dressed and ornamented and takes a snack before going to hear a discourse on Srimad Bhagavata and becoming absorbed in Vraja-bhava. After hearing the Bhagavata-lecture the Lord views the arati of Sriman Madana Gopala and performs kirtana in front of the deities. After the deity is put to rest the Lord performs the Nandotsava Kirtana and plays the Dadhikada-game with His devotees. Then He performs His famous Nagara-bhramana (wandering through the town of Navadvipa), dances, sings and plays Dadhikada in the house of each devotee before returning to the house of Sri Advaita Prabhu. Then all the devotees go to the Ganga for a holy dip and watersports and again return to the house of Advaita Prabhu, who presents Mahaprabhu, Nitai Cand and all the other devotees with gifts of clothes and ornaments. After taking prasada all the devotees take a little rest and then they have the usual Yogapitha-meeting and wander through the forests of Nadiya. In the afternoon Mahaprabhu returns to His own home. After this all of Mahaprabhu's pastimes are as usual. In the evening Svarupa Damodara, knowing Mahaprabhu's mind, describes Radha and Krsna's evening-pastimes in Vraja. Hearing this all the devotees become absorbed in Vraja-bhava.


In the morning in Nandisvara Sri Radha and Her sakhis wake up as usual, perform their morningduties, bathe and are ornamented and dressed before they go to enjoy the remnants of Krsna's breakfast-snack. Then Vrajesvari orders them to cook. Madhumangala offers these preparations to the deity of Lord Narayana and then puts the deity to rest. Then, as on the previous day, everyone eats, takes rest and has the Yogapitha meeting.

In the evening, after Sri Nanda Maharaja, Sri Vrsabhanu Maharaja and Sri Krsna had their snacks Sri Radha and Her sakhis take their snacks. Then Vrsabhanu Maharaja begs permission from Nanda Maharaja to leave and return home. Nanda Maharaja then respectfully says goodbye to them while offering them clothes and ornaments once more.

In the same way Sri Vrajesvari Mata also says goodbye to Sri Kirtida Mata and the other lady-guests by offering them garments and ornaments. Sri Radha and Her sakhis and yuthesvaris offer their obeisances to Vrajesvari Mata and she blesses them while embracing them, kissing them and smelling their heads. Thereafter all the guests mount their own vehicles and return to their individual homes, being followed by Mother Yasoda and Nanda Maharaja for a while.

After Sri Radhika and Her sakhis return home they watch from their moontowers how Krsna milks His cows in the evening. After that the lila is nityavat, as usual.

Thus ends Siddha Sri Krsna dasa Baba's description of Sri Janmastami lila.

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Sri Hari - Sat, 31 Aug 2002 08:29:00 +0530
QUOTE(Madhava @ Aug. 30 2002,15:47)


In the evening of the sixth lunar day Sri Nanda Maharaja sends his invitations  - to the men through Sri Subhadra (the cousin of Krsna and the husband of Kundalata)

Could you Madhavaji explain that?  Is not Subhadra His sister?
Madhava - Sat, 31 Aug 2002 08:52:08 +0530
Subhadra (long A) is Dvarakadish Krishna's sister. Rupa Gosvami's Radha Krishna Ganoddesa Dipika (22) classifies Subhadra (short a), Krishna's cousin, as one of his well-wishing (suhrit) friends. They are very different from each other.
Malatilata - Sat, 31 Aug 2002 16:53:02 +0530

Sri Krishnacandrastakam
by Srila Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami

svAGghri-dAsyado ’stu me sa ballavendra-nandanaH

His abundantly beautiful complexion belittles the splendor of combined rainclouds, black eye cosmetics, and sapphires.
His garments appear effulgent like a rising sun tinted like kunkum powder and enhanced by shining bolts of lightning.
His perfectly-formed limbs are anointed with sandalwood paste mixed with camphor and saffron.
May Sri Krishna, the Son of the king of the cowherd men, grant me the service of His own lotus feet.

ballavISu vardhitAtma-gUDha-bhAva-bandhanaH
svAGghri-dAsyado ’stu me sa ballavendra-nandanaH

He wears shark-shaped earrings that dance very expertly upon His cheeks.
The beauty of the orb of His face destroys the pride of a multitude of moons and lotus flowers.
He causes the knot of His own secret ecstatic love-moods to increasingly tighten amongst the gopis.
May Sri Krishna, the Son of the king of cowherd men, grant me the service of His own lotus feet.

svAGghri-dAsyado ’stu me sa ballavendra-nandanaH

He is eternally engaged in designing ever-fresh variations of His youthful form, mode of dress, and loving pastimes.
He is surrounded by the assembly of His cowherd boyfriends, who excel in giving Him delight by their playful joking words.
Even a single brilliant ray of splendor from His personal pleasure-forest defeats the heavenly Nandana gardens of Lord Indra.
May Sri Krishna, the Son of the king of cowherd men, grant me the service of His own lotus feet.

svAGghri-dAsyado ’stu me sa ballavendra-nandanaH

He is delighted by the friendship of His devotees, whose consciousness is decorated with the golden ornaments of pure love for Him.
He is praised by the great demigods who protect various planets in the universe and who offer obeisances to Him by touching their foreheads to the ground.
He honors the brahmanas with great reverence at specific times of the day.
May Sri Krishna, the Son of the king of cowherd men, grant me the service of His own lotus feet.

svAGghri-dAsyado ’stu me sa ballavendra-nandanaH

He easily removed the pride of Indra as well as the violent anger of Kaliya, and He killed the demons Kamsa and Vatsasura.
With the rainfall of these variegated pastimes, He nourishes the chataka birds who are His devotees.
By performing His pastimes of heroic nature, He delights the residents of His own cowherd community.
May Sri Krishna, the Son of the king of cowherd men, grant me the service of His own lotus feet.

svAGghri-dAsyado ’stu me sa ballavendra-nandanaH

He satisfies Sri Radhika and the other gopis with the nectar of the sportive rasa dance performed in the groves of Vrindavana.
During the various intrigues of those amorous pastimes, He devises many different playful jokes to sustain the assembly of gopis.
He thus delights the minds of all the people in the universe by the glory of His loving pastimes.
May Sri Krishna, the Son of the king of cowherd men, grant me the service of His own lotus feet.

gopikAsu netra-koNa-bhAva-vRnda-gandhanaH
svAGghri-dAsyado ’stu me sa ballavendra-nandanaH

By revealing His pastimes of the festive rasa dance, He also shows the eternal path of His own pure devotional service.
By His amazing beauty and fascinating mode of dress, He churns the minds of a vast multitude of cupids.
Through the outer corners of His eyes, He casts sidelong glances, aimed at the gopis, that give hints of a host of affectionate ecstatic moods.
May Sri Krishna, the Son of the king of cowherd men, grant me the service of His own lotus feet.

rAdhikorasIha lepa eSa hAri-candanaH
svAGghri-dAsyado ’stu me sa ballavendra-nandanaH

He becomes excited with desire by suddenly touching Sri Radhika while She is busy picking flowers.
Then He becomes jubilant when He sees Her charming face decorated with the contrariness of pure love.
Verily He is the sandalwood paste that decorates Radhika’s breasts.
May Sri Krishna, the Son of the king of cowherd men, grant me the service of His own lotus feet.

aSTakena yastvanena rAdhikA-suvallabhaM
saMstavIti darzane ‘pi sindhujAdi-durlabham
taM yunakti tuSTa-citta eSa ghoSa-kAnane

It is very difficult for Laksmi Devi and other exalted gods and goddesses to attain even a glimpse of Sri Krishna, who is very dear to Sri Radhika.
But if someone glorifies Him by reciting these eight verses with full attention,
then He who is delighted by the intimate association with Radhika's limbs will become pleased with that person
and engage them in the service of His own lotus feet within the cowherd forests of Goloka Vrindavana.

Madhava - Sat, 31 Aug 2002 23:49:47 +0530


From Kavi Karnapura's
Ananda Vrindavana Campu,
Second Chapter

user posted image


Now we will discuss the truth about the transcendental birthplace of Bhagavan and the appearance of Lord Sri Krishna. Once upon a time, Bhumi, the predominating deity of the earth, felt overburdened by different demons posing as members of the royal order. Feeling aggrieved upon seeing her miserable condition, the lotus-born Brahma appealed to Ksirodakasayi Visnu, the maintainer of the universe, saying, "Please deliver Goddess Bhumi who is feeling greatly distressed by these demoniac kings. Only You can remove this terrible influence from the earth."

The time for an appearance of the Lord coincided with two internal desires of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. First the Lord desired to descend on earth to increase the fortune of Yasoda and Nanda. Also at that time Krishna wanted to relish the sweet mellow of srngara rasa (paramour love) while enacting His worldly pastimes. For these two reasons the Lord appeared within the material creation on Bhuloka, (earth planet), along with His parents, friends, and other eternal associates.

Another distinction of Lord Krishna’s earthly pastimes is that when the eternally liberated gopis such as Srimati Radharani, Candravali, and others appeared, the Srutis personified also appeared in the homes of other gopis, because they had previously cultivated the desire to serve Sri Krishna as Vraja gopis. The Dandakaranya sages, upon seeing the svakiya bhava (the sweet conjugal relationship) of Lord Ramacandra and Sitadevi, desired to have the same relationship with their Lord Madana Gopala. Upon attaining perfection in their sadhana they achieved the fortunate position of appearing as gopis in Vrindavana. Yogamaya, Lord Krishna’s pastime potency who possesses unlimited abilities, appeared invisibly in Gokula to arrange this, and perform other difficult tasks on behalf of the Lord.

Sri Nanda, Yasoda, and others appeared in Brhadvana (Mahavana) before the Lord. The gopas, gopis, and other eternally liberated associates appeared after the Lord. Then those who had attained perfection by sadhana, namely the sruti-cans and muni-caris, took birth in Vrindavana.


Learning of Krishna’s imminent appearance, the earth personified, feeling like a wife happily greeting her husband after a long separation, immersed in unlimited joy. At the time of Krishna’s birth the general mass of people tasted the inner bliss that devotees forever relish. Auspicious signs. abounded everywhere. As Visnu’s conchshell Pancajanya opens in a clockwise fashion, similarly, auspicious sacrificial fires glowed in all directions. Pure gentle breezes brought a refreshing coolness like devotees who satisfy and sanctify everyone with their calm, sweet, and affectionate behavior.

The whole atmosphere became as completely purified as the heart of a devotee. The devotees once again found peace and prosperity in worshiping the lotus feet of Lord Hari. Fruits filled the jubilant trees. But the envious demons exhibited various inauspicious signs of degradation such as rapidly aging bodies and symptoms of imminent death. The desire vines of the celestial denizens seemed to be hanging in the air as if eager to produce fruits. At that time all the directions became felt as pure and joyful as the mind of a devotee who has received the mercy of Lord Hari. Just as gems, mantras, or medicines can a remove a poisonous disease from the body of a man, the advent of the Lord relieved the world from the contamination of material existence and the sinful effect of the demons. Happiness gradually replaced the distress in everyone’s hearts.

The bodies of all creatures manifested extraordinary beauty and youthful vitality. Men felt extremely joyful and displayed virtuous qualities. Throughout the world people behaved cordially and interacted amicably. Happiness twinkled in everyone’s eye. At the end of Dvapara-yuga, which completely destroys faults and doubts, an auspicious, favorable, obstacle-free time appeared on the eighth day of the waning moon in Bhadra month. Just at that sweet moment the Rohini Naksatra, along with the good qualities of the moon and an auspicious conjunction of stars called Ayusman, appeared in the sky to give shelter to gentle persons.

As the living entity comes out from the womb of his mother and the moon appears on the lap of the eastern direction, Yogesvara Sri Krishna, the personification of complete bliss, appeared amidst great festivities. As the moon appears in the lap of the eastern direction, which is like a beautiful bride, Krishna manifested the wonderful pastime of His appearance out of His love and compassion for the conditioned souls.


Due to austerities performed in previous lives, Vasudeva and Devaki received the opportunity to momentarily relish parental affection for Lord Sri Krishna when He appeared before them in His form as Vasudeva. Thereafter in fear of Kamsa, Vasudeva brought Vasudeva Krishna to Gokula. There the Supreme Lord appeared as Govinda before Nanda and Yasoda, His eternal parents who have been smothering Him with the sweetest form of parental love since time immemorial. The four symbols of Visnu (sankha, cakra, gada, padma) adorned His hands and feet. The flute, flower garland, and kaustubha mani, although present within Him, had not yet manifested.

In fear of cruel Kamsa, Vasudeva decided to transfer all his wives except Devaki to Gokula. He sent Rohini to the house of Vrajaraja Nanda. By the sweet will of the Lord, Yogamaya arranged for the seventh child of Devaki (Balarama) to enter the womb of Rohini. As a result, Balarama appeared in the home of Vrajaraja Nanda before the birth of Krishna.


Lord Hari, who is bliss personified, appeared in the home of Nanda Maharaja, the king of Vrindavana for three reasons: to engage the self satisfied sages in devotional service, to please the devotees by performing sweet transcendental pastimes, and to relieve the earth’s burden caused by the demons. At the time of His majestic birth Krishna employed His inconceivable powers to appear in a body of eternity, bliss and knowledge. Everyone in the maternity room swelled with joy upon seeing the Lord’s exquisite transcendental form that looked like a creeper of beauty.

Mother Yasoda resembled a lake of spiritual ecstasy in which a brilliant blue lotus of personified bliss had appeared. Neither the wind nor the bees relished the fragrance of that blue lotus. That unborn lotus was never touched by the waves of the modes of nature. Even Lord Brahma could not see it, what to speak of ordinary men.

After Yasoda and her family members fell asleep in the maternity room, Hari cried beautifully like a newborn baby. His crying sounded like the maha-vakya omkara announcing the auspicious arrival of His pastimes. Omkara is a transcendental vibration that had previously emanated from the mouth of Lord Brahma. When the ladies of Vrindavana heard the sweet sound of Krishna’s crying, they woke up and ran to see the Lord. With the mellow of their matchless overflowing affection they anointed His body.

The natural fragrance of Krishna’s body smelled just like musk. After the ladies bathed Krishna in sweet ambrosia, He looked cleansed and beautiful. Then they smeared His body with fragrant sandalwood pulp. The presiding deity of the house sent a campaka flower resembling the flame of a lamp into the maternity room to worship that ornament of the three worlds. With the strength of His little arms, delicate as the tender leaves of a tree, Krishna made all the lamps in the maternity room look like a garland of lotus flower buds.

The ladies of Vrindavana saw baby Krishna like a blossoming flower made of the best of blue sapphires, or like a newly unfurled leaf of a tamala tree. Krishna looked like a fresh rain cloud decorated with the musk tilaka of the goddess of fortune of the three worlds. The ointment of the greatest auspiciousness lined His eyes. His presence filled the maternity room with good fortune. Although a mere baby, Krishna had a head full of curly hair. To hide the unique signs on His hands (goad, fish, conch etc.) the Lord folded His delicate petal-like fingers into His lotus palm. At that time Krishna laid on His back with His eyes closed.

Mother Yasoda awoke amidst the joyous chattering of the elderly gopis. Leaning over the bed she admired her gorgeous son. But upon noticing her own reflection on Krishna’s body, she imagined it another woman. Thinking that a witch had assumed her form to kidnap Krishna, Yasoda became bewildered and yelled, "Get out of here! You go away!" Spontaneously she cried out to Nrsimhadeva to protect her precious son. Beholding Krishna’s tender face, Yasoda showered tears of affection that looked like an offering of a pearl necklace.


Yasoda saw Krishna’s body as a mound of dark blue musk, softer than the butter churned from the milk ocean. Overflowing with nectar, His charming body appeared like the foam of milk, but being dark blue in color it seemed the foam was full of musk juice. Admiring the supremely delicate form of her son, Yasoda worried about His safety and feared the touch of her body might hurt his tender body.

As she leaned over the bed Yasoda bathed Krishna with the milk dripping from her breasts. The elderly gopis instructed Yasoda how to caress the baby in her lap, and affectionately push the nipple of her breast into Krishna’s mouth to feed Him. Due to Yasoda’s intense love, personified bliss flowed from her breasts as steady streams of milk. When milk sometimes spilled out of Krishna’s bimba fruit red lips onto His cheeks, Mother Yasoda would wipe His face with the edge of her cloth. After feeding her son, Yasoda gazed affectionately at Him in wonder.

She saw her child’s body as made of dazzling blue sapphires. His mouth resembled a red bimba fruit and His hands and feet looked like exquisite rubies. Krishna’s nails shone like precious gems. In this way, Yasoda thought her child was completely made of jewels. Then she perceived that His naturally reddish lips looked like bandhuka flowers, His hands and feet resembled java flowers, His nails looked like mallika flowers. Yasoda then thought, "Krishna’s whole body seems to be made of blue lotus flowers. He does not appear to be mine." After thus deliberating within herself Yasoda became stunned in amazement.

The beautiful, soft curly hairs on the right side of Krishna’s chest resembled the tender stems of a lotus. Seeing the mark of Srivatsa on His chest, Yasoda thought it was breast milk that had previously spilled out of His mouth. She tried unsuccessfully to remove these `milk stains’ with the edge of her cloth. Struck with wonder, Yasoda thought this must be the sign of a great personality. Observing the sign of Laksmi (a small golden line) on the left side of Krishna’s chest, Yasoda thought a small yellow bird had made a nest amidst the leaves of a tamala tree. Could this be a streak of lightning resting on a rain cloud, or could it be the golden streaks marking a black gold-testing stone? Krishna’s delicate, leaf-like hands and feet, glowing pink like the rising sun, looked like clusters of lotus flowers floating in the Yamuna.

Sometimes Yasoda saw the curly, dark blue locks of baby Krishna as a swarm of bumblebees surrounding His face. Intoxicated from drinking too much honey nectar, the bees just hovered in the sky. His thick, beautiful blue hair appeared like the dark night. The two lotus eyes of Krishna looked like a pair of blue lotus buds. His cheeks resembled two huge bubbles floating in a lake of liquefied blue sapphires. Krishna’s attractive ears looked like a pair of fresh unfurled leaves growing on a blue creeper.

The tip of Krishna’s dark nose appeared like the sprout of a tree, and His nostrils looked like bubbles in the Yamuna River, the daughter of the sun god. His lips resembled a pair of red java flower buds. Krishna’s chin rivaled a pair of ripe, red jambu fruits. Seeing the extraordinary beauty of her son fulfilled the purpose of her eyes and submerged Yasoda in an ocean of bliss.


The elderly Vrajavasi ladies addressed Vrajaraja Nanda, "O most fortunate one, you fathered a son!" Previously Nanda Maharaja had felt deeply aggrieved over his long-standing inability to obtain a son. His heart was like a small lake that had completely dried up during a long hot summer. But when Nanda Maharaja heard of his son’s birth he felt as if the dry lake of his heart had been blessed with a sudden downpour of nectar. The gentle sound of Krishna’s voice removed all his grief and lamentation. Now he bathed in the rains of bliss, swam in the ocean of nectar, and felt embraced by the joyful stream of the celestial Ganges.

Eager to see his son, Nanda’s body thrilled with astonishment and waves of ecstasy as he stood outside the maternity room. Because he had accumulated heaps of pious activities, it appeared that the King of Vrindavana was now shaking hands with the personification of pious deeds. Anxiously standing in the background, Yogamaya induced Nanda Maharaja to enter the maternity room. He rushed in to see his son, the personified seed of condensed bliss. It seemed that all the auspiciousness of the three worlds now resided within Krishna, the original cause of everything. Nanda saw his son as a perfectly charming person. The kajala around Krishna’s eyes looked like lines on a black creeper of beauty. As the very embodiment of Nanda’s good fortune, Sri Krishna bloomed like a beautiful flower in a garden of desire trees.

The aparajita flower is compared to the body of the Queen of Vrindavana. Her son is like the representative of the Upanisads that are compared to the fruit of the desire creepers. By seeing his glorious son Nanda felt that he had attained happiness, perfection, and the fulfillment of all his desires. Meeting that embodiment of bliss overwhelmed Nanda with immeasurable satisfaction. He stood motionless, stunned; his hair stood erect and tears flowed from his eyes. He appeared like a person carved in stone or a figure drawn in a painting. For some time Nanda Maharaja remained in this semi-conscious state like a sleeping man about to awaken.


Upananda, Sunanda, and other relatives felt extremely joyful while observing the best of brahmanas perform the rites of purification for Krishna’s birth. To insure his son’s welfare Nanda Maharaja donated newborn calves to each and every brahmana, thus turning their homes into abodes of surabhi cows. These cows had gold and silver plated horns and hooves, and jeweled necklaces adorning their necks. In addition, Vrajapati Nanda filled the courtyards of their homes with hills of gold, jewels, and sesame seeds. While Nanda distributed charity, the kamadhenus, touch-stones, and desire-trees lost their power to produce valuable items. Even the jewel-producing oceans lost their stock of jewels, and the goddess of fortune, the abode of lotuses, had but one lotus in her hand. The auspicious news of Krishna’s wonderful appearance spread in all directions by word of mouth. Delight danced in the hearts of Nanda, his brothers Upananda and Sunanda, and all the other gopas.

The gopas brought many varieties of delicious dairy products such as milk, yogurt, butter, wet cheese, and hard cheese in jewel-studded pots. The pots were tied to the ends of bamboo poles with jute straps and carried on their shoulders. Bedecked with many precious jeweled ornaments, the gopas appeared very handsome. They dressed in beautiful yellow cloth defeating the brilliance of lightning, and held staffs topped with gold and jewels in their lotus hands. As a great ocean spreads its waves in all directions, the birth of Krishna filled the Vrajavasis with unbounded bliss. The gopas and gopas enjoyed a grand festival by happily eating and by splashing each other’s bodies with a mixture of yogurt, butter, milk, and condensed milk.

The society girls visiting Nanda Maharaja’s house experienced more happiness than they had ever felt since their birth. Their minds saturated with joy and satisfaction. Hearing the delightful description of Krishna’s birth carried away the chariots of their minds and made them abandon all other duties. They became possessed with the desire to see Krishna.

Sparkling rubies hung from the necklaces adorning the society girls. Their diamond-studded armlets shown more beautifully than drops of crystal clear water. Their jewel inlaid golden bangles boasted unparalleled elegance. For this unique festival they took out some highly ornamental waist-belts from their jewel boxes and tied them around their hips. The sweet jingling of the waist-bells resting on their broad hips enhanced the beauty of these society girls. They attracted the minds of everyone with their bulky golden anklets, loosened hair braids, and graceful gait, which resembled the smooth gliding of swans. Their minds entered a state of enchantment as they gazed upon the captivating beauty of Krishna’s transcendental body. To worship Krishna they brought golden trays full of auspicious articles such as fruits, flowers, yogurt, durva grass, uncooked rice, and jewel bedecked lamps. They covered the offering plates with splendid yellow silk cloth and held them in their soft lotus hands. Their jeweled ankle-bells vibrated pleasantly as they walked.

Beholding the astounding beauty of the delicate baby, the society girls considered the purpose of their eyes fulfilled. They perceived Krishna’s perfect birth to be like the appearance of the leaves of an important herbal medicine. Krishna resembled a blue lotus floating in the lake of His parent’s affection. After bestowing their blessings for Krishna’s prosperity, they worshiped Krishna with fresh flowers and a constant shower of loving glances. With great enthusiasm the society girls glorified Vrajesvari Yasoda since she had attained the essence of all good fortune by having Krishna as her son.

Leaving the maternity room, the society girls entered the assembly hall of Nanda Maharaja’s palace. Their faces looked exceedingly beautiful as they sung melodious songs, which resembled the soft sweet humming of bees moving amidst a cluster of lotus flowers. All the guests bathed in a nectar shower produced by these soothing sounds. Overwhelmed with love, they filled their lotus palms with fragrant oil, turmeric paste, and fresh butter and started smearing each other’s faces and bodies. They looked very attractive with their smiling faces and glittering white teeth.

Their red lips seemed more beautiful than red bandhuka flowers. This incredible display of elegance smashed the pride of the goddess of fortune of the three worlds. Carried away with joy over Krishna’s birth, they fearlessly threw cheese balls, butter, and yogurt at each other. One could mistake the white balls of cheese for hailstones, solidified moonlight, or white mud from the floor of the milk ocean. Then they showered each other with buttermilk, aromatic oils, and water mixed with turmeric.

Cymbals, damru drums, bherries, and big drums vibrated auspicious sounds in specific melodies. A celestial concert of precise poetical meters, proper rhythms, and metrical compositions suddenly manifested there. The musical ensemble inspired the society girls to sing and dance in mirth and merriment. Though not good singers, by the will of the Lord they sang with great virtuoso. Their wonderful songs filled Nanda Maharaja’s heart with joy. The combined vibrations of brahmanas’ chanting Vedic hymns, the recitation of Puranic lore, and the panegyrists’ prayers transformed the ethers into sabda brahman.

The joy of Krishna’s birth celebration taxed the drains of Nanda’s capital city as they swelled to the brim with milk, yogurt, and other auspicious liquids. Soon rivers of this nectar flooded the streets of the town and permeated the entire atmosphere with a sweet fragrance. Disguising themselves as birds, the demigods descended to Vrajapura to happily drink the flood of nectar. The Vrajavasis decorated their cows with gold and jeweled ornaments. Then in great excitement they smeared them with oil, fresh butter, and turmeric paste. Beholding Krishna in their hearts, these fortunate cows looked like the essence of the earth’s suspiciousness. The whole world resounded with their jubilant bellowing. Absorbed in the ecstasy of Krishna’s birth, they forgot about eating and drinking.

The festival drowned the gopis in an ocean of joy. After offering oil, vermilion, garlands, and utensils in charity to all the assembled gopis, Rohini, the wife of Vasudeva, asked them to bless Krishna. Upon completion of the sacrifice, Upananda and the other relatives felt constant happiness while taking their baths. Keeping the King of Vrindavana in the front, Nanda’s relatives offered opulent cloth, jeweled ornaments, tambula, garlands, and sandalwood pulp to the guests. Then they humbly requested all in attendance to bless that wonderfully auspicious boy who had just appeared in Vrindavana.

Thus ends the second chapter of Ananda Vrindavana Campu describing the Lord's appearance

(Adapted from the edition published by Mahanidhi Swami in 1999)
Madhava - Sun, 01 Sep 2002 05:27:04 +0530
The following text from Sri Ananda Vrindavan Campu describes the festival arranged by Nanda Maharaja in celebrating Sri Krishna's birthday.
Madhava - Sun, 01 Sep 2002 05:27:40 +0530


From Kavi Karnapura's
Ananda Vrindavana Campu,
Eight Chapter

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One year Nanda Maharaja organized a grand festival (nandotsava) to celebrate Krishna’s auspicious birthday. Krishna sat upon a celestial golden throne and all the Vraja gopis came to worship Him. The loud pounding of the bheri drums, the “dhinta dhinta” sounds from the mrdangas and dundubhis, the boll from the madalas, and the skillful beats on the dolaks announced the auspicious festival of Krishna’s birthday. The joyous vibration of the occasion was enhanced by the excited voices and jingling anklebells of the elderly gopis as they greeted the various guests.

The learned brahmanas bathed Krishna with thousands of streams of pure water poured from crystal pitchers while purifying the environment with perfectly enunciated mantras. This added waves of attraction to Krishna’s already gorgeous body. They dried Krishna with a fine linen cloth, dressed Him in a yellow silk dhoti and caddar, decorated Him with glittering gems, and anointed His forehead with tilaka made of gorocana. After fixing His jeweled bracelets and armbands, they tied some durva grass around His wrist with turmeric soaked thread.

Following the local customs of such blissful festivals, the merciful Yasoda blessed Krishna by showering flowers upon His head. The elderly gopis sang traditional Vraja bhasa songs and waved lamps respectfully before the Lord. He, who is kind to His friends and the object of the gopis’ love, sat quietly on His asana accepting arati. Then with great, enthusiasm the Vrajavasis joyfully offered gifts to Krishna and gave Him a variety of creamy milk sweets.

To properly complete the festival, Yasoda had her servants invite the general public. Yasoda offered palatable food to the wives of the village leaders, the married women and the young girls of Vrindavana. Nanda Maharaja invited the cowherd men such as Sananda, Upananda, and their wives to take the sumptuous foods cooked by Rohini, the crest-jewel among women. When the cowherd men arrived Yasoda honored their youngest sons by worshiping them and offering pearl necklaces.

Though pained by separation from their husbands because they had to accompany their mothers-in-law to the festival, the newly married gopis put on ornate and elegant ankle-length dresses. The tender faces of these newlyweds glowed splendidly under the fine fabric of their veils. Feeling intensely attracted to Krishna; the gopis disclosed their loving sentiments by offering Him their sidelong glances in charity. Their bangles fell silent as they embraced Krishna with their eyes. They felt as if they were beholding a bouquet of beautiful flowers. No one noticed the auspicious meeting of Krishna and the gopis.

Though they had seen Krishna before, the young unmarried gopis like Dhanya-sakhi just stood with their mothers and gazed timidly upon Him as if it was the first time. While bathing in the lake of Krishna’s exquisite beauty, the unmarried gopis expressed their desire to be His wives by offering Him mental flowers scented with camphor. They became shy, however, when Krishna accepted their proposal with a favorable glance. No could detect the infinite bliss the gopis now relished within their hearts.

At that time, Krishna’s pet parrot left His side and landed on the lotus feet of a gopi whose heart throbbed with love. Hoping to develop a relationship with Krishna, that excited gopi respectfully welcomed the parrot. Understanding the hint of the parrot, Krishna cast the fresh lotus garland of His glance toward Radha, the daughter of Vrsabhanu. Krishna’s glance seemed to say, “O parrot! I saw this gopi Radha looking at Me from the watchtower as I took the cows to the forest.”

No one else saw this secret exchange of sweet love. Understanding that Radha’s body had become slender due to Her purva-raga, Krishna looked upon Her with great compassion. Then Yasoda, shining with all auspicious qualities, smiled gently and took lotus-faced Radhika and the other gopis to another room to feed them.

After worshiping His best cows with scents and garlands, Vrajaraja Nanda escorted his guests to a wide jeweled veranda and sat them down on wooden seats. Then he bathed their feet, performed acamana, and offered arghya. Nanda arranged for Rohini and the wives of Sananda and Upananda to respectfully serve them first-class food and drink on gold plates. At the conclusion of the meal, Nanda personally gave them betel nut, cardamom, scents, garlands, and ornaments. After the elderly men, children, and babies had eaten the feast, the married women and girls sat down in two rows to eat. Radhika and others received respect according to their position. Yasoda swam in an ocean of happiness as she personally served the gopis. In a voice that sounded as sweet as pattering raindrops of nectar, Yasoda spoke to each guest, “Please do not feel shy. Just eat to your heart’s content.”

Yasoda affectionately served everyone, and then honored them with offerings of betel nuts, garlands, ointments, sindura, and gold embroidered cloth. Finally, Yasoda, the crest jewel of good fortune, embraced each of the gopis before sending them home. Smiling broadly, Yasoda distributed the remnants of the feast to the sinless residents of the village. Nanda Maharaja presented gifts to the dancers and musicians while Yasoda blessed them with her upraised palm. Upon concluding the festival, Yasoda thought holding such a festival everyday would surely fulfill all her desires. For a moment she felt a touch of sadness, fearing that she may not have fully satisfied all the guests.

Thus ends an excerpt from
the eighth chapter of Ananda Vrindavana Campu
describing the Lord’s birthday celebration

(From the edition published by Mahanidhi Swami in 1999)
Madhava - Wed, 20 Aug 2003 17:19:41 +0530
Happy Janmastami to everyone!
Madhava - Thu, 21 Aug 2003 00:33:58 +0530

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Sri Gopala Campu
Trtiyam Puranam
Third Chapter

To Satisfy the Desires of Vraja’s People, Lord Krsna Takes Birth

1. O Sri Krsna, O Sri Krsna Caitanya, O Lord accompanied by Srila Rupa Gosvami and Srila Sanatana Gosvami, O Lord attained by Srila Gopala Bhatta Gosvami and Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami, O Lord dear to the residents of Vraja, please protect me.

2. In the best of the scriptures is described glorious Goloka Vrndavana, which has two features, one feature manifested in the material world and the other not manifest there. Goloka Vrndavana, which in its unmanifest feature is known as Gokula and has the form of a lotus flower of cintamini jewels, which is said to be the palace-city of the gopa king, a palace with seven great courtyards, which is the place where Krsna performs His morning duties and other pastimes, which is the place where in the gopa-kings splendid assembly gloriously arrived two boys born in a dynasty of great, all-knowing, eloquent, charming poets, which is the place where Vraja’s king and all the other people were very eager to hear the two boys speak. Now that pastime will be described.

3. On another morning, at brahma-muhurta, Krsna hosted a breakfast for all His friends. One by one, everyone ate. Then King Nanda said, “Son, at sunrise take the cows to the pasture. Let them eat the peerless grasses, and, on my order, at the appropriate time You also enjoy Your lunch.”

4. Krsna’s breakfast is described in these words:

Sitting on a jewel throne in the palace, joking and laughing, and enjoying the foods the young gopis cooked and Yasoda and Rohini served, Krsna and Balarama enjoyed a festive breakfast with Their friends and kinsmen.

5. With tears and a smile Rohini watched and listened as Krsna and Balarama enjoyed pastimes with Their friends. Then King Nanda said to Krsna, “Son, the boys in Your company are now honoured by the presence of the poet's two boys.”

6. Krsna bowed before His mother. She gave permission. Then Krsna and Balarama went to Their friends. Krsna and Balarama shone like the moon, and Their friends blossomed like a host of flowers.

7. Then Krsna and Balarama entered the eastern, the fifth, portal of the great assembly house, an assembly house decorated with a host of pillars and filled with a thousand people, an assembly house glorious with lattice windows, slanting, descending aisles leading to the centre, and four mosaic-paved areas in the four directions. Happily sitting on jewelled thrones in the midst of two mosaic areas, Krsna, Balarama, and the boys shone with great splendour.

8. Sitting in the northern part and facing south, King Nanda and his associates shone with great splendour. Sitting in the west, surrounded by His glorious associates and at King Nanda’s right was Krsna. Sitting in the west and facing the east were many brahmanas and priests who do good to others. Sitting in the south were many glorious cowherds.

9. In the centre of the assembly-house was a glorious raised platform visible from every direction. Their palms folded, the poet's two sons stood on that platform. On their left and right the people of Vraja honoured them.

10. Sitting on a high jewelled throne surrounded by his brothers and subjects, showered with flowers, honoured by the saintly people, and casting on Krsna’s face a thirsty glance like a shower of nectar, King Nanda shone with great splendour in the assembly.

11. Sitting on a glorious throne with soft moon-cushions, and surrounded by Balarama, Dama, and other friends, and casting a smiling glance at all His associates in the assembly even now Sri Krsna is manifest before our eyes.

12. The colours of Krsna’s form are described in these words:

Krsna’s dark complexion, red eyes, and yellow garments combine to make a kaleidoscope of colour manifest like a host of smiling, laughing, dancing actors on the stage of the eyes of the devotees.

13. It is also said:

“There is a dark moon.‘
“There is a monsoon cloud.”
“There is a lamp lighting the world.”
“There is a host of lightning flashes that does not disappear, but stays steadily before our eyes.”
“The lightning stays but the stars are all hiding.”
“Fool, we are not looking at the sky.”

Gazing at Krsna’s form, speaking these words, the poets joked among themselves.

14, One poet described Krsna’s form in these words:

“On top is a swarm of black bees. Below the bees is a blue lotus flower. Below the lotus flower are the clear dark waters of the Yamuna. O my friend how have all these come together before us?”

15. Then sent by Krsna and Balarama, and with glorious King Nanda’s permission, saintly Sridama entered the inner rooms of the palace, rooms like lotus petals, rooms with walls made of emeralds. Climbing higher and higher in the palace, and keeping His eyes cast downward he entered those rooms, rooms decorated with a great network of lattice windows. Taking Queen Yasoda and the other ladies with him, he came to the doorkeeper of the assembly house. With a glance he explained everything. They all entered and Sridama returned to the side of Krsna and Balarama.

16. Then, eager to please everyone with many waves of playful jokes, Madhumangala also entered and immediately went to his glorious friends.

17. Queen Yasoda is described in these words:

Sitting on a jewel throne, surrounded by her sisters-in-law, served by the young girls of the family, and from the latticework gazing at the splendid moonlight of her son’s face, Krsna’s mother shone with great splendour.

18. King Nanda sweetly said, “O Madhukantha and Snigdhakantha, we wish to hear you speak.”

19. Folding their hands, Madhukantha and Snigdhakantha said, “My lord, on what topic shall we speak?”

20. King Nanda said, “You know everything. Please narrate something that will fill us with wonder.”

21. The two boys said, “A wise person's command should be followed. We boys accept your command. Please listen.”

22. King Nanda said, “Sometimes one is a speaker and other times one is a listener.”

23. Then, folding his palms earnest Madhukantha recited this delightful introductory verse:

24. “Glory to the all-opulent, all-powerful Supreme Personality of Godhead. Glory to Brahma, Narada, Vyasa, Pariksit, Ugrasravah-suta, and Saunaka Rsi, who are the speakers of the Srimad-Bhagavatam and the deliverers of all the worlds. To tell others of Their glories, I now bow down before Them all. ”

25. “Let the two musicians sing and strike their drums. As my brother listens, I will now speak.”

26. Singing, dancing, and dramatically acting the different parts, Madhukantha told the following story.

The Story Begins

27. “The famous Vrsni dynasty is described in the Vedas, Puranas, and other scriptures. That dynasty’s crowning garland, who was named Sri Devamidha and who was the abode of great virtue, resided in the city of Mathura. He was the crest jewel of all religious persons. He had two wives. His first wife was a ksatriya, and his second wife was a vaisya. These two wives each bore a son. The sons were Sura and Parjanya. From Sura Vasudeva and other sons were born. Following the injunction, ‘One accepts the caste of ones mother,’ Parjanya became a vaisya. He was the master of many cows. He made his home in Brhadvana. From childhood he worshipped the brahmanas. He showered on them all they desired. He was affectionate to the Vaisnavas. He followed the Vedas. For his whole life he worshipped Lord Hari. Accepting his mother's caste he became famous and glorious as the crowning garland of the vaisyas. According to the definition given by wise pundits he became an excellent cowherd, a master of many cows.”

28. The definition of a cowherd is given in these words of Manu-samhita:

“The child of a brahmana father and an ugra mother (born from a ksatriiya and a sudra) accepts the sub-caste known as avrta. The child of a brahmana father and anambastha mother (born from a brahmana and a vaisya) accepts the sub-caste known as abhira (cowherd). The child of a brahmana father and an ayogavi mother (born from a sudra father and a vaisya mother) accepts the sub-caste known as dig-gana.”

29. In another place it is said:

An ambastha is a person born from a brahmana father and a vaisya mother.

“In the Padma Purana, in the beginning of the Srsti-khanda, it is said that a brahmana who performs a yajna may be in a situation where he accepts as a wife the daughter of the gopa for whom he performed the yajna. This kind of gopa dynasty will be seen in Lord Krsna’s pastimes. This is clearly explained in the Srsti-khanda. In this way the acceptance of the twice-born vaisya caste is explained.”

30. Then, in his heart Snigdhakantha thought, “Some people may doubt that Krsna was a twice born vaisya.” In Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.8.10) King Nanda tells Garga Muni:

“Please perform the purifying process of Krsna’s second birth.”

Lord Krsna also tells King Nanda (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.24.20-21):

“The proper duty of the vaisya community is agriculture, trade and the protection of the cows...We belong to the vaisya community, and our proper duty is to farm, or to trade with agricultural produce, to protect cows, or take to banking.”

“Srila Sukadeva Gosvami described the cowherd people’s home in these words (Srimad-Bhagavatam):

“Every residential house in Vrndavan was decorated for the worship of the sun-god and the fire-god and for reception of guests, cows, brahmanas, and demigods. Every home was illuminated with light and incense arranged for sancitification.”

“On the other hand Vidura, although born as a sudra, became, because of his activities, more than a brahmana.”

31. He said, “Then? Then?”

32. Madhukantah said, “Because he was very kind and good, Parjanya became an extraordinary vaisya. That is not surprising. Protecting his home area, being always kind and generous to others, and giving in charity a flooding ocean of milk, he was glorious like a monsoon cloud. He was glorious like Prahlada, true to his promise like Dhruva, and magnificent like Prthu. To his enemies he was like Bhisma. To his friends he was like Lord Siva. He was exalted like Lord Brahma and effulgent and powerful like Lord Hari Himself. He was filled with a great host of virtues. Many thousands of gopas and their brahmana priests took shelter of him. Seeing his host of virtues and seeing that he was the tilaka mark and king of the cowherd people, King Ugrasena and others in the Yadu dynasty greatly honoured him. His five sons headed by Upananda, delighted the world.

33. The poets praised him with these verse:

“Parjanya is glorious like a monsoon cloud. He is like a cloud filled with bliss. Accompanied by his sons headed by Upananda, he delights people.”

34. “Among farmers Parjanya is glorious. His great glory is not surprising.”

35. Parjanya is praised by the following comparison:

“As, according to Vedanta-sutra, the Supreme Brahman appears in five forms, forms that begin with His Anandamaya form (the form of spiritual bliss), so Parjanya also appears in five forms, the forms of his five sons, sons headed by Upananda.”

36. Parjanya is also praised by the following suggestion:

“By naming his sons Upananda, Abhinanda, Nanda, Sannanda, and Nandana, Parjanya has give a perfect commentary to explain the word Nanda(joy).

37. As of all kinds of decorations of having splendid garments is the best, so of all kinds of opulences the opulence of having a good son is the most glorious. Of Parjanya’s five sons the middle son (Nanda) is most glorious. His opulences have no end.

38. Some say that Nanda is like Arjuna, but I do not Parjanya’s middle son, the delightful Nanda is like Pandu’s son Arjuna. Compare to his gentle, kind and noble brothers, Nanda is in the middle only when we consider the sequence of the brother’s births. Nanda is affectionate not only to his brothers and kinsmen, rather he is affectionate to everyone. Of course he dearly loves his parents and his brothers. It is not that different people are ever rivals for his affection. Therefore Nanda's eternal spiritual virtues are very wonderful.

39. The most important virtue is devotion to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, as Srimad-Bhagavatam (5.18.12)explains:

“All the demigods and their exalted qualities such as religion, knowledge and renunciation become manifest in the body of one who has developed unalloyed devotion for the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vasudeva.”

40. Hearing these words from Madhukantha’s throat, Sriman Upananda whispered to Sriman Abhinanda, “How did he get the power to understand the hearts of others?”

41. Filled with wonder Abhinanda said, “Then? Then?”

42. Madhukantha said, “Then a great gopa named Sumukha offered his daughter to Nanda. With her many virtues this girl entranced all her relatives. Her glories filled the thoughts of all who heard of her, what to speak of all who had seen her, what to speak of all who were devoted to her. When Nanda marries this girl, joy filled everyone what to speak of the couple's parents and kinsmen.”

43. All glorious Parjanya filled everyone with joy. He himself was always joyful. He was devoted to his family and always intent on serving Lord Krsna’s lotus feet. He desired to make his eldest son the tilaka mark of his family. Thus he asked his eldest son, Upananda, to call an assembly of Vasudeva and the kings and Garga Muni and the brahmanas.

44. Thus commanded by his father, fortunate Upananda called Vasudeva and the others to the assembly. In that assembly Upananda embraced his middle younger brother, Nanda, made him the tilaka mark of the family, crowned him king of Gokula and worshipped him.

45. The younger brother, Nanda, shyly withdrew. Everyone was surprised. Parjanya, the affectionate father, looked on with glistening eyes. Upananda said, “I do not act thoughtlessly. I am conquered by my brother’s love. He has all virtues. Therefore what I do now is right. I am not his equal. We are all his subordinates He should control us.

46. “Furthermore, even Lord Narayana, the Supersoul who stays in the hearts of all, accepts this arrangement. Look. In this assembly every eye is like a black bee hovering at the lotus flower of Nanda’s face. This arrangement is right. Therefore it is right that I bear the name Upananda (Nanda’s follower). It is appropriate because Nanda is our king.”

47. At that moment flowers fell, and from the sky came calls of “Glory! Glory!” Gazing with wide-open eyes, everyone in the assembly also called, “Glory! Glory!”

48. Then Snigdhakantha said, “O sweet-voiced Madhukantha, whom all the worlds want to hear, between the eldest Upananda and the youngest Nanda, three brothers stand. Who is the middle one of these three brothers. What is his nature? Please describe him.”

49. Madhukantha said, “In this verse I will speak a glorious riddle, a riddle that will fill your thoughts with happiness.”

50. Snigdhakantha said “Please say that riddle.”

51. Madhukantha said: "Which person, even though he gave me the greatest treasure by accepting me as his son, still does not stop treating me as a friend?"

52. Eagerly and happily, Snigdhakantha at once said, "The answer is: Nanda.

53. Then Madhukantha said, "You understand that riddle. Now her this: "The people yearn to attain even a
small fragment of his many virtues. They happily worship him for his glories. He is Nanda, the king of
Vraja. He delights King Vasudeva. He is Vasudeva's friend. He cannot bear to be parted from

54. The nectar moon of Madhukantha's words brought great waves to the jewel-filled nectar ocean of the
devotees' hearts. Were they hearts or treasure-houses filled with jewels? Madhukantha did not know.

55. Then Snigdhakantha said , "Then? then?"

56. Madhukantha said, "So he would attain the opportunity to worship Lord Krsna's lotus feet, glorious
and fortunate Parjanya entered the land of Vrndavana. When his sons asked about the final truth taught
by all the scriptures, These were their questions and answers:

57. "What is the root of fear?"
"Destiny, which brings future events we cannot foresee, is the root of fears."
"Where can we find shelter from these dangers?"
"A devotee of Lord Krsna gives shelter."
"What should we pray to attain?"
'One should pray for devotional service to Lord Krsna and His devotee."
"Where is happiness?"
"Happiness is in spiritual love for Lord Krsna."

58. "Accompanied by his wife, parjanya came to Vrndavana. then, standing in Nanda's assembly as
Bhisma stood in the assembly of wonderful fighters, Upananda affirmed that his own name meant 'the
follower of Nanda'. Accepting Upananda's words, Nanda accepted everyone there as his eternal
subjects. He ruled over them and protected them.

59. "Nanda's actions were wonderful:
"Nanda was always respectful to his father. In his country religion was never in distress. In his country prosperity was never crippled. In his country propensity always grew more and more.

60. "Everyone in Vraja lived at the height of propensity. Still, one worry gradually blossomed amongst them. "Our king, who is more dear to us than life, has no children," they thought. In the course of time this worry troubled Upananda and everyone else. Then Nanda and Yasoda, the rulers of Vraja, became overwhelmed with the desire for a child. As time passed that desire grew stronger and stronger."

61. Snigdhakanta said, "Why did Nanda's friends and kinsmen not perform a yajna to give Nanda children? Why were intelligent Nanda and Yasoda so upset that they had no children? They were already king and queen of Vraja. Why did they yearn for children? Why did that desire become stronger and stronger as time passed?"

62. Madhukantha said, "A yajnas was performed, but it brought no result."

63. Snigdhakantha said, "Why? Why was there no result?"

64. Madhukantha said, "In private glorious Nanda and Yasoda spoke about this. Nanda said, 'Dear wife, Why do my grief-stricken relatives perform yajnas and other ceremonies so I may have children? My heart yearns to have a glorious son. Why is that desire not fulfilled? My heart cannot say. If merciful Lord Narayana, who is attained by the followers of the Vedas, is kind to me, then I will certainly have a glorious child. Perhaps my desire is like a parijata flowers fools imagine to float in the sky.'"

65. Then Snigdhakanta thought, "Krsna is more sweet and charming than Lord Narayana Himself. It is not wrong to say this. This truth is confirmed by Srimad-Bhagavatam (3.2.12) in these words:
"The Lord appeared in the mortal world by His internal potency, Yogamaya. He came in His eternal form, which is just suitable for His pastimes. These pastimes are wonderful for everyone, even for those proud of their own opulence, including the Lord Himself in His form as the Lord of Vaikuntha. Thus His (Sri Krsna's) transcendental body is the ornament of all ornaments.'"*

66. Then Snigdhakantha openly said, "Then? Then?"

67. Madhukantha said, "Then Yasoda, Nanda's beautiful wife, said, "What reply can I give?"

68. "Then Nanda said: " 'I see a dark boy with large restless eyes. I see Him playing, and I see him sitting
on your lap, and I see Him drinking milk from your breast. when I see Him am I dreaming or am I awake? I do not know. O saintly wife, please tell me the truth: Do you also se Him in your heart?'

69. "Yasoda said, 'O glorious husband, I have also seen this child in my thoughts, but I was too shy to tell you. This desire can never be attained. We should not keep it in our hearts.'

70. "Nanda said, 'Although it is my destiny to be childless, I will take shelter of Glorious Lord Narayana, the controller of the worlds. With His help my desire will be fulfilled. This I know. What has never been seen or heard of before He can place before everyone's eyes. He can do any impossible deed.'

71. "Yasoda said, O master, we should serve Lord Narayana?'

72. "Nanda said, 'Good. What service shall we perform?'

73. "Yasoda said, "We could follow the dvadasi vow.'

74. "Nanda happily said, 'What you say is good. The desire to follow this vow has now sprouted in my heart. We will follow it.'

75. "When the two of them decided in this way, the demigods made a great sound of dundubhi drums, a sound that filled all directions."

76. Hearing this description of his thoughts and desires, Nanda felt his heart melt. To the young poet he gave a gift of his own glistening ornaments. His wife, glorious Yasoda, gave the poet a great necklace of sapphires.

77. Snigdhakantha earnestly said, "What happened then?"

78. Madhukantha said, "When Nanda and Yasoda had passed a year of following this vows, in the Supreme Personality of Godhead appeared before them both in their dreams. He said, 'O devotees very attached to Me, why are you so troubled? A delicate boy dark and glorious like an atasi flower will become your son. You will be able to gaze on Him always. To increase your love for Him, this boy becomes your son kalpa after kalpa. Following My order, you appeared in your amsa-kala forms as Drona and Dhara in the world of the demigods cannot attain, you took birth on the earth in this place, a place glorified in Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.14.34). Please know that your glorious desire will soon be fulfilled.'

79. "After speaking these words, the glorious Supreme Personality of Godhead at once disappeared. Suddenly awakening, Nanda and Yasoda became as if plunged in an ocean of nectar. Telling each other what they had seen, they were filled with wonder."

80. In his heart Snigdhakantha thought, "Now my questions are answered. When He said, 'You two will attain Him as your son', that is what the Supreme Lord meant. That is what Garga Muni meant when he said (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.14): " 'For many reasons, this beautiful son of yours sometimes appeared previously as son of Vasudeva. Therefore, those who are learned call this child Vasudeva.'*

81. "Love is the only way one can attain a relationship with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The Lord Himself says (Srimad-Bhagavatam 11.14.11): " 'I am attained through unflinching faith and devotional service.'*
"The Lord also says (Bhagavad-gita 4.11): " 'All of them, as they surrender unto Me, I reward accordingly."*
"In this way a devotee attains love for Krsna, love like the love of a parent for a son, a love called 'vatsalya'.

82. "Vasudeva's paternal love for Krsna is sincere, intense, and glorious. King Nanda's eternal parental love for Krsna is even more pure and glorious. By mediating on Krsna, Vasudeva and Devaki attained Krsna as their son. This is the sages' opinion, as confirmed by these words of Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.2.16-17 and 18-19): " 'Thus the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who vanquishes all fear of His devotees, entered the form of the supreme Personality of Godhead within the core of his heart, Vasudeva bore the Lord's transcendentally illuminating effulgence, and thus he became as bright as the sun.'*
" 'Thereafter, accompanied by plenary expansions, the fully opulent Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is all-auspicious for the entire universe, was transferred from the mind of Vasudeva, became beautiful by carrying Lord Krsna, the original consciousness for everyone, the cause of all causes, within the core of her heart, just as the east becomes beautiful by carrying the rising moon.'*
"Nanda and Yasoda also mediate on Lord Krsna in their hearts. Therefore their position was not different from that of Vasudeva and Devaki. Nanda and Yasoda have great devotion to Lord Krsna, Therefore, O Nanda and Yasoda, Krsna is your son as much as He is Vasudeva's son."

83. Then Snigdhakantha openly said, "Then? Then?"

84. Madhukantha said, "Seeing that Nanda and Yasoda were unhappy, the elders of Vraja gathered around them and praised them.

85. "At that moment a saintly ascetic lady accompained by a brahmana came to that place. Seeing the lady's great splendour and glory, everyone stood out of respect. Treating her like a honoured guest, they said, 'Who are you? You are like Goddess Yogamaya herself. Who is the boy with you? He is like Narada Muni in the form of a boy."

86. "Smiling, the lady said, 'My name is Paurnamasi. I am a widow, an ascetic who practices meditation. I am also a astrologer. I can see the future. This brahmana boy is named Madhumangala. He is saintly like Narada Muni himself. We both have special, secret knowledge.'

87. "The people of Vraja said, 'Why are you so kind to us poor people?"

88. "Paurnamasi said, 'We know that you have uncommon power and glory.'

89. "The people said, 'How is that ?'

90. "Paurnamasi said, 'King Nanda, who is the root of your lives, will have a son that delights the worlds.'

91. "Shedding tears and the hairs of their bodies erect with joy, everyone said, "Our forest of Brhadvana is a very holy place. Stay here and we will build you a leaf-cottage by the Yamuna's shore."

92. "Paurnamasi said, 'The goddess of the Vedas spoke to me in a dream. She should not speak anything untrue. She spoke the word Krsna. That means a very powerful and glorious person named Krsna will take birth in this place on earth. This person's qualities will be eternally new and fresh. His transcendental knowledge and other virtues will be beyond the touch of the three modes of material nature. He will possess all wealth and all glory. His devotees will renounce material wealth and glory. He will subdue all that oppose Him. By your mercy I will happily stay here in this place.'

93. "Everyone happily offered obeisances to Paurnamasi. Going to the Yamuna, its dark waters more splendid than a forest of blue lotus flowers, they built for Paurnamasi a cottage of leaves.

94. "Her heart withered by cruel Kamsa's ferocious words, Rohini complained to Vasudeva, and Vasudeva sent her to Vraja. Riding on a horse, Rohini secretly entered the land of Vraja at dusk. Seeing chaste Rohini's arrival as an auspicious omen, everyone in King Nanda's assembly became happy at heart. Overcome with joy, Rohini and Yasoda embraced. They were like the Ganga and Yamuna flowing together.

95. "Then it was the month of Jyaistha. Seeing that Rohini was three months pregnant, Yasoda became very happy.

96. "On the delightful full-moon evening of the month of Magha, Yasoda served King Nanda and then, exhausted, fell asleep. In a dream she had a vision.

97. "In that dream a young boy was hiding behind a young girl. Placing His place in King Nanda's heart, the boy entered Yasoda's heart. The boy stayed in Yasoda's lotus heart. Then the young girl entered Yasoda womb. King Nanda also saw these bewildering activities. At first he was unhappy. Then he shook away that unhappiness and felt joyful."

98. In the heart Snigdhakantha thought, "This is all true. The truthful sage know this boy is the son of Nanda's and Yasoda. Considering all this, I agree with their conclusion." Then Snigdhakantha openly said, "Then? Then?"

99. Madhukantha said, "Seeing that Yasoda was now pregnant, all the women of Gokula became joyful. It is said: "Yasoda's face was effulgent. Her breast and belly had grown large. The word in everyone's ears was that she was now pregnant.

100. "Krsna now stayed in Yasoda's womb. Glistening like a lamp in a crystal base, He filled her with light that shone within and without.

101. "Wise Queen Yasoda thought profound thoughts and had a host of virtues. Peaceful, she controlled her tongue and senses. Still, there were some things she intently desired.

102. "Krsna present in her womb, she had the longings of a pregnant women. She longed for sweet-rice with fragrant camphor, sugar, ghee, and tulasi.

103. "Then Goddess Yogamaya suddenly ended Rohini's seven-month-old pregnancy and placed in Rohini's womb an unborn child taken from Devaki's womb. Then, in the fourteenth month, the month of Sravana, when the auspicious star Sravana conjoined with the moon, joyful Rohini gave birth to a handsome son glorious with all transcendental qualities. She was like a glorious moon effulgent with moonlight. She was like a lioness who has given birth to a very powerful cub. She was like a fresh lotus-lake in which a fragrant white lotus flower has bloomed. She was like pure knowledge that has given birth to all-auspicious glory.

104. "Rohini gave birth to a son with a glorious face, lighting-flash eyes, dark-cloud hair, a white autumn-cloud form, and great glory and prowess. Her son was very glorious and transcendental.

105. "Her son's form was fair and powerful without limit. The astrologers said, 'This boy will be the elder brother of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He will be the protector of the cows, and the killer of Dhenukasura, Pralambasura, Dvivida, and a host of demons. His arms will be long, His name will be Rama. In a past life He enjoyed pastimes with Lord Ramacandra.'

106. "Sent by Vasudeva, learned brahmanas named Sarma performed the nama-karana and other ceremonies for Balarama.
Still, there was a sadness in Vraja.

107. "From the time of Balarama's birth a dull sadness was be seen in Vraja. For this sadness there was only one remedy. The remedy was the infant that appeared in Queen Yasoda meditations.

108. "After some days that infant entered Yasoda's womb. In the eighth month of Bhadra, on a Wednesday, during the auspicious astrological yoga named harsana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, shaking away the darkness of this world, appeared in this world to delight Nanda and Yasoda.

109. "They also say: "The demigods made everything glorious and auspicious on the night of Lord Krsna's birth. In this way they served the Lord.

110. " They also say: "Even when it is not Satya-yuga, one may still meditate. Even when it is not Treta-yuga, one may still perform yajnas. Even when it is not Dvapara-yuga, one may still perform Deity-worship. Even when it is not Kali-yaga, one may still chant the holy names of Lord Hari. Even when it is not springtime, Jasmines and other flowers may still bloom. Even when it is not summertime, mangoes may still ripen. Even when it is not autumn, clouds may still be beautiful. Even when it is not autumn, rice may still be harvested. Even when it is not winter, there may still be cold weather. Even when it is not daytime, lotus may still bloom. Even when the astrologers learned in the jyotih-sastra do not know it, the stars may still be auspicious. Even if the spiritual masters do not teach it, the Supreme Personality of Godhead is still present everywhere. In the same way, even though Yasoda was unaware of it, Lord Krsna was born as her son.

111. "First this will be said: "Beautiful stars shone in the sky. Clouds rumbled over the ocean. There was a glorious shower. On that day the beauty of autumn was a guest on earth.

112. "Furthermore: "At that time, even though it was not their season, madhavi, jati, ketaka, kumuda, and ambuja flowers bloomed in the four directions.

113. "The wise acaryas say this was not suprising, for the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the treasure-house of all wonders, had taken birth at that moment.

114. "They who could see into the future might say these words: 'Krsna face is like the king of graceful, smiling blue lotus flowers. Krsna's eyes are like the king of graceful black bees resting in the king of white lotus flowers. Krsna's nose is like the king of sesame flowers splendid like the kings of dark monsoon clouds. Krsna's lips are like the king of lips red like red sindura, girija, roses, bandhuka flowers, or bimba berries. Krsna's ears are like the king of splendor of blackness that rule over dark anjana ointments. Krsna's arms and hands are like the king of branches bearing blossoming twigs. Krsna's chest marked with Srivatsa is like the king of dark clouds embraced by an unmoving lightning flash.

115. "Furthermore, Krsna's eyes defeat the maha-padma lotus, His eyes defeat the padma lotus, His defeats the shark, His smile defeats the kunda jasmine, His neck defeats the conchshell, the soles of His feet defeat the turtle. His glorious complexion defeats the sapphire. All His feature dwarf these seven famous treasures, which begin with the maha-padma. What more need be said? These seven rare treasures, which are difficult to attain, stay always with Lord Krsna. Of this there is no doubt.

116. "Something extraordinary occurred at the time of Krsna's birth. It is said: "To please Lord Krsna, who is purchased by kindness, Goddess Yogamaya assumed the form of an infant girl and took birth as Krsna's elder sister."

117. Snigdhakantha then thought of these verses of Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.4.9 and 10.5.1): "The child, Yogamaya-devi, the younger sister of Lord Visnu, slipped upwards from Kamsa's hands and appeared in the sky as Devi, the goddess Durga with eight arms, completely equipped with weapons.”*
"Nanda Maharaja was naturally very magnanimous, and when Lord Sri Krsna appeared as his son, he was overwhelmed by Jubilation."*
Thinking of this and other verses affirming that Krsna is in the truth Nanda's son of Devaki and Vasudeva?"

118. He openly said, '"O saintly one, if Krsna is Nanda's son, why does everyone think Him the son of Devaki and Vasudeva?"

119. A little startled by Snigdhakantha's words, Madhukantha thought, "Devarsi Narada said, 'If there is talk of Krsna among love-filled people of Vraja, then Krsna's powers and opulences should be hidden.' That was the conclusion of Garga Muni also. That conclusion is not surprising."

120. Then Madhukantha openly said, "Narada will not mind if I now reveal the secret of Nanda's son. Rather, by revealing it in this assembly I will attain perfection. Lord Krsna Himself is reflected in the loving hearts of the love-anointed people of Vraja. Controlled by His devotees love, Lord Krsna manifests himself. In the absence of love He does not manifest Himself. Before those who love him as parents love a son, Lord Krsna appears as a son. He does not appear in that way before others. Before devotees who love Him as a son, He takes birth as their son.

121. "Once every kalpa in every lifetime of Brahma, Krsna appears before Nanda, Yasoda, and the people of Vraja, People who love Him dearly, to give them a chance to love Him as Nanda's son. He will not appear before other persons even for a single sesame-seed worth of time.

122. "This is described by the demigod Brahma in these words (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.14.35): " 'My
Lord, sometimes I am puzzled as to how Your Lordship will be able to repay, in gratitude, the devotional service of these residents of Vrndavana.'*
"Lord Narayana Himself said (in paragraph 78 of this chapter): " 'O devotees very attached to Me, why are you so troubled? A delicate boy dark and glorious like an atasi flower will become your son. You will be able to gaze on Him always. To increase your love for Him, this boy becomes your son kalpa after kalpa.'
"In Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.8.19) it is also said: " 'In conclusion, therefore, O Nanda Maharaja, this child of Yours is as good as Narayana. In His transcendental qualities, opulence, name, fame, and influence, He is exactly like Narayana. You should all raise this child very carefully and cautiously.'*
"From these words spoken by Garga Muni we may make these assumptions: 'Goddess Yogamaya, who has the power to make any impossible thing possible and who is the potency of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, arranged that Lord Krsna became the son of Nanda. Yearning to have a son like the Lord Himself, Nanda had worshipped the Supreme Lord. Although Nanda, his heart full of love for his kinsmen, gave no thought to his future son, this was merely an action of Yogamaya to help the Lord's pastimes while yet He could not be seen in Vraja. As Yogamaya acts, so Mahamaya and the other potencies of the Lord follow. When Garga Muni here says, 'gopayasva' (protect this child very carefully and cautiously), he means 'With the potencies given by the Lord Himself, please protect this boy. Garga Muni also says (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.8.15):
" 'For this son of yours there are many forms and names according to His transcendental qualities and activities.’*
"Lord Krsna enjoys tasting the nectar of loving relationships with His devotees. Lord Krsna every desire, whether eternal and important, of a fleeting whim, is attained without any effort. In this way, to enjoy pastimes with His affectionate devotees, Lord Krsna appeared before them in His two-armed form, and then eventually disappeared also.

123. "The four-armed Narayana manifested in the heart of Vasudeva and Devaki came out of their hearts and stood before them. The nyaya states: " 'One fruit becomes the cause of another fruit.'
Following this nyaya it is seen that Krsna first appeared in a four-armed Narayana form before Vasudeva and Devaki and then later appeared in His original two-armed Krsna-form before Nanda and Yasoda. In Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.8.14) it is said:
" 'For many reasons this beautiful son of yours sometimes appeared previously as the son of Vasudeva.'*
"Afraid of cruel Kamsa, Devaki wished four-armed Lord Narayana would appear before her. At the same time, accompanied by Goddess Yogamaya, two-armed Krsna appeared in Yasoda womb. When the two-armed and four-armed forms met, the four-armed Narayana-form entered the two-armed krsna-form. Manifesting her form, Goddess Yogamaya was present in Yasoda's womb. Manifesting her formless feature, she became the wind that pushed infant Krsna from Yasoda's womb. In this way Yogamaya was like a fragrant breeze that, although invisible, still makes a lotus flower move to and fro. Goddess Yogamaya also put Yasoda into a state of bewilderment.

124. "From within the womb, Yogamaya made Yasoda bewildered about the new-born child. Then Yogamaya herself took birth. Then she, Yogamaya who had transferred Balarama from Devaki's womb to Rohini's womb, lay on the bead in the maternity room."

125. In his heart Snigdhakantha thought, "In Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.2.9) Lord Krsna said to Yogamaya: " 'O all-auspicious Yogamaya, I shall appear with My full six opulences as the son of Devaki, and you will appear as the daughter of mother Yasoda, the queen of Maharaja Nanda.'*
"The demigod Brahma said to the demigods (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.1.25): " 'The property of the Lord, known as Visnu-maya, who is as good as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, will also appear with Lord Krsna. This potency, acting in different capacities, captivates all the worlds, both material and spiritual. At the request of her master, she will appear with her different potencies in order to execute the work of the Lord.' "*
"In the first of these quotes Lord Krsna uses the word 'amsa-bhagena' in the sense 'accompanied by My four-handed Narayana form". In the second of these quotes the demigod Brahma uses the word 'karyarthe' (to execute the work of the Lord) means 'to attract the people of the world with His charming features'. The sages who know the truth of Lord Krsna give this explanation (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.38.32):
" 'The Supreme Personality of Godhead (Krsna and Balarama) appeared personally for the welfare of His creation. "*
"Here the word 'amsa-bhagena' means accompanied by His various forms'.

126. "Goddess Yogamaya established the relationship of King Nanda and Lord Krsna. That is the final conclusion. Even though He is all-powerful, Lord Krsna still submits Himself to His devotee's desire. He does not merely follow His own whim. "

127. Filled with wonder, everyone then said, "So it was. What happened then?"

128. Madhukantha said, "Then, following Lord Krsna's command, Yogamaya arranged that four-handed Lord Narayana took birth from Vasudeva, and she also arranged that because of Vasudeva's fear, Lord Narayana changed Himself into the two-handed form of Krsna to Yasoda. There he saw Yasoda's infant boy and infant girl. Seeing Krsna's four-handed form, Vasudeva understood that Krsna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He doubted that Krsna was his own son. He had no power to say how his son was first four-handed and then two-handed. Vasudeva could not understand anything of what just happened."

129. Snigdhakantha said, "He did not understand. Still,he place his son there and, taking the girl with him, left. That is why the names Agama-sastras and other scriptures call Lord Krsna by the names 'Nanda-nandana', 'Nandatmaja', 'Nandaja', 'Nanda-tanaya' (Nanda's son), 'Ballavi-nandana' (a gopi's son), and many other like names."

130. Smiling, he continued, "At first it may not have been accurate to say that Krsna is Nanda’s son. But in the course of time it became accurate. It became the truth."

131. Smiling, he continued, "Tell us how Krsna father Vasudeva came to Vraja."

132. Madhukantha said: "The shackles fell from Vasudeva's feet. The prison guards fell asleep. Sesa became like an umbrella. The Yamuna became shallow like a field covered with water. In this way Vasudeva carried Krsna to Nanda's home. Now I have told you everything. Of whom shall I speak now?"

133. Snigdhakantha said, "Tell us King Nanda's glories."

134. Nanda’s glories are described in these words:

“Captured in the mystic net of descriptions of Krsna, the people of Vraja think they now see Lord Krsna’s pastimes with their own eyes. Tears fill their eyes. They are stunned. They are overcome with love. Who has the power to describe their good fortune.?”

135. Snigdhankantha again said, “Then? Then?”

136. His eyes begin to shed tears of joy, Madhukantha said, “Placing this great jewel in Vraja, Vasudeva left. Pushed by Yogamaya, Yasoda awakened and saw her new-born son.”

137. It is said in the Visnu Purana:

“Yasoda awakened and saw her new-born son dark like a blue lotus petal. She was very happy.”

138. It is also said:

“Gazing at there new-born son, His body more glorious than the most glorious sapphire, His face defeating the moon. His eyes more graceful than the most graceful lotus flowers, His hands and feet more charming than new petals on kalpavrksa trees in Vaikuntha, and His soft and sweet infant cries entrancing the whole world, stunned Yasoda looked like a painted picture.”

139. “Is this boy the king of the kingdom of dark splendour? Is He the most splendid of all oceans of handsome splendour? Is He the personified good fortune of all who are graceful and glorious? Is this boy a fruit that has grown from the tree of my limbs?” As Yasoda asked herself these questions, the new-born infant Krsna cries, “Om! Om!”

140. “Yasoda gazed at her son. She tried to call her friends, but she could not. Tears streamed from her eyes to her neck. She was stunned. She was overcome with love for her son.”

141. “Touched by Yogamaya, the people of Vraja wakened from their sleep. Now the Supreme Personality of Godhead was present amongst them.”

142. “Krsna was like glorious moon that with its cooling light made the lotus forests and the hearts of Vraja’s people bloom with joy.”

143. “The new-born child did not stay only on His mother’s bed. He was also reflected in the glistening mirrors of His affectionate kinsmen’s hearts.”

144. “As cataki birds gaze at a moonsoon cloud, the ladies of Vraja gazed at the reflection of Lord Krsna in their hearts. Quickly they came to see Him.”

145. “Rohini and the other ladies gazed at the infant boy. They were like cakori birds gazing at the newly risen full moon.

146. “Thinking of how to awaken her from trance, the ladies gazed at Mother Yasoda as she, stunned, gazed at her new-born son.

147. “With their eyes the ladies gazed at the dark infant boy. With their hearts they were filled with doubt. “s He a demigod?’ ,they thought. The idea that this could possibly be an ordinary human child refused to walk on the pathway of what they could believe.”

148. “The ladies thought, ‘Is this a great garland of blue lotuses? Is it a gigantic sapphire? Is it a great Vidura jewel? We don’t know what it is? It appears to have the form of a new-born infant boy. As we gaze on this boy all our senses are stunned. Our eyes are fixed on Him alone.’

149. The ladies thought, ‘This boy s actually a dark tamala leaf fragrant with musk, anointed with glistening handsomeness, anointed with the splendour of His own glorious form, bathed in the nectar of His own handsome face, anointed with beautiful sandal and camphor of His mothers glances, and decorated with the ornaments of His own glorious handsomeness.’ The ladies gazed at the infant boy, His delicate limbs like a tamala leaf and musk. To attract their hearts, with His hand the boy played with His few strands of curly hair. Then He made His hand into a tiny fist. The ladies gaezed at Him when, as if tossed to and fro by the Yamuna’s waves, He moved His hands and feet.

150. The ladies gazed at new-born Krsna:

“Gazing at new-born Krsna, the delighted ladies whispered among themselves. They had forgotten all their household duties. One peaceful hearted lady placed her trembling hands on the new-born child.”

151. Now the ladies could see the infant was a boy:

“They said, ‘Aha! Now He touches His head. Now He rubs His eyes. Now He touches His chest. Now He rests His hands on His chest.’ Saying these words, the beautiful-eyed ladies gazed at new-born Krsna.”

152. “Again and again everyone’s eyes rested on the child. No one grew tired of gazing on Him. Shedding a shower of nectar tears, delighted Mother Yasoda offered to her new-born son a nectar shower of milk from her breast.”

153. “Everyone carefully watched as the infant was bathed and various ritual were performed.”

Following Rohini’s request, an elderly brahmini went to tell the delighted Nanda. His face filled with a joyful smile, and his hair and garments white, Nanda quickly came.

154. Filled with ecstatic love, everyone in the assembly stood with folded hands before Madhukantha and Snigdhakantha. Madhukantha said:

“O King of Vraja, your son is the greatest treasure of this exalted assembly. Simply by hearing of His birth pastimes, everyone here is now filled with bliss.”

155. King Nanda respectfully worshipped Madhukantha and Snigdhakantha. Placing his hand on their heads, he blessed them. Taking his own ornaments, he decorated them.

Everyone there offered gifts to them. King Nanda said to them, “Please stay as my guests and enjoy a feast with us.” Then Nanda said to everyone, “Please come again. Morning after morning please assemble here.”

156. Following His father’s instructions, Krsna took His lunch-packet, honored His mother, gave His company to the two poet boys, and went to the forest to look after His cows. Then the people in the assembly returned to their homes.

(Translated by Kusakratha Das)
See for the complete Sanskrit text.

Nandai - Sun, 24 Aug 2003 04:55:03 +0530
Very nice pastimes of the Lord!

Please Madhava, could you tell me Subhadra's parents names?
Madhava - Mon, 25 Aug 2003 23:29:51 +0530
QUOTE(Nandai @ Aug 23 2003, 11:25 PM)
Please Madhava,  could you tell me Subhadra's  parents names?

Subhadra's father is Upananda, the elder brother of Nanda Maharaja, and his mother is Tula-devi.
Madhava - Sun, 05 Sep 2004 21:43:33 +0530
The preparations for Janmashtami begin on Saptami, which for most of us would be today. Happy celebration!
Satyabhama - Sun, 05 Sep 2004 23:23:57 +0530
Happy birthday Krishna! I'm so glad we get to stay up late together on Your birthday and just *party* at the temple! wink.gif I know how much You love dancing till late in the night...

Happy birthday Govinda!
Madhava - Mon, 06 Sep 2004 22:53:08 +0530
Tomorrow we will be celebrating Nandotsava and relishing the nectar of Nanda's deeds on the occasion of Sri Krishna's birth. Stay tuned!
Madanmohan das - Tue, 07 Sep 2004 23:27:34 +0530
From Krsna -prema-tarangini.

uttarila giyA yadi nandera mandire/
sire hAt diyA gopI AsirvAd kare//
"cira-jivi hao, bApu, sarvatra kalyAna"/
dhAnya-durvA diyA sire kaila samvidhAna//
taila-jala-haridrAya kariyA secana/
dadhi-dugdha-ghrta-madhu kaila varisana//
krsnera mahimA gopi gAya ucchasvare/
vividha bAjana bAje nandera mandire//
krsna Asi' nanda-ghare hailA upasanna/
Anande prabhura guna gAya gopi-gana//

When they arrived at Nanda's home, the cowherd women, placing their hands on his head, pronounced blessings on the babe saying, " May you live long O child, and may you be blessed with all good fortune". Holding some Dhanya and Durva grass over the babe's head, they conclude the rite. Then, having sprinkled him with a mixture of oil, water and tumeric, they showered him with curds and cream, and ghee and honey. The cowherd ladies loudly sung the praise of Krsna, and Nanda's palace was resonant with the joyous sound of diverse musical instruments. Now Krsna had appeared in Nanda's house, great was the rejoicing, and in rapturous delight the merry cowherd women sang the lord's glories.

(From the Nativity depicted in Sri Bhagavatacarya's Krsna-prema-tarangini, a Bengali versification of Srimad Bhagavat)
Madanmohan das - Fri, 26 Aug 2005 16:07:26 +0530
biggrin.gif Sri Krsna Janmastami ki jay!
vijayalakshmi - Fri, 26 Aug 2005 17:22:51 +0530
Happy Birthday to Dear Krishna

Attachment: Image
vijayalakshmi - Fri, 26 Aug 2005 17:51:25 +0530
Please hear a song! wub.gif
anuraag - Fri, 26 Aug 2005 19:37:29 +0530
user posted image

SwAgatam krishnA sharanAgatam krishnA
MadurA puri sadanA mrudu vadanA madhusUdanA iha


Welcome to you O! Krishna, Welcome home;
O, the Dweller of the city of Mathura;
the tender-faced; and
the destroyer of the demon Madhu!
We have also come to You, O eternal Shelter!

BhOgatApta sulabha supushpa gandha kalabhA
KastUri tilaka mahipA mama kAnta nanda gOpa kanda


O Distributor of pleasures (Bhogada),
easily obtainable to (Aptas) those who are near and dear,
Who is adorned with flowers and fragrant sandal paste
and the kasturi musk mark on the forehead,
the king Who is my own Beloved, the off-spring of
the cowherd chief Nandagopa

SwAgatam krishnA sharanAgatam krishnA
MadurA puri sadanA mrudu vadanA madhusUdanA iha

Welcome to you O! Krishna, Welcome home;
You, the Dweller of the city of Mathura;
the tender-faced; the Destroyer of the demon Madhu !
We have also come to You, O eternal Shelter!

MushtikAshUra chAnUra malla
Malla vishArada kuvalayA pEda
Mardana kAlinga nartana gOkula
Rakshana sakala surakshana dEva
Sishta jana pAla sankalpa kalpa
Kalpa sata kOdi asama parAbhava
DhIra munijana vihara madana sukumAra
Daitya samhAra dEva
Madhura madhura rati sAhasa sAhasa
Vraja yuvatI jana mAnasa pUjita

SwAgatam krishnA sharanAgatam krishnA
MadurA puri sadanA mrudu vadanA madhusUdanA iha

Welcome to you O! Krishna, Welcome home;
You, the Dweller of the city of Mathura;
the tender-faced; the Destroyer of the demon Madhu !
We have also come to You, O eternal Shelter!

One who crushed the best of wrestlers, Mushtika
and Chaanoora, as well as the elephant Kuvalayapeeda;
One who danced on the kaliya;
the protector of Gokula; the lord
who is endowed with all auspicious qualities;
who has taken the vow of protecting the surrendered;
who is the wish-yielding tree (kalpa);

who is unparalleled in hundreds of kalpas (ages);
who is bold in defeating others;
who sports in (the mind) the sages;
who is as beautiful as Cupid (the God of Love);
who has destroyed the demons; who is sweet;
who is fond of adventurous love;
who is worshipped in the hearts of the cowherdesses

SwAgatam krishnA sharanAgatam krishnA
MadurA puri sadanA mrudu vadanA madhusUdanA iha

Welcome to you O! Krishna, Welcome home;
You, the Dweller of the city of Mathura;
the tender-faced; the Destroyer of the demon Madhu !
We have also come to You, O eternal Shelter!

- song completed with classical Karnatic musical notes
and steps for traditional dance

SA dha pA ga rI pa ga ri sa dha sa ri

rolleyes.gif Tatthi takajanutAm titthaka janautAm taka janutam rolleyes.gif

wub.gif Takatimukuku tana kida taka dhIm wub.gif

flowers.gif Takatimukuku tana kida taka dhIm flowers.gif

innocent.gif Takatimukuku tana kida taka dhIm innocent.gif

Translation given by Dr.C.S.Radhakrishnan
- and modified by me

Janmashtami Animation

Jaya Sri Radhey!
Advitiya - Fri, 26 Aug 2005 20:34:34 +0530

zrI bhakti-vinod ThAkur

asTame bhagavAn sAkSAd aizvaryAkhyAM dadhat tanum|
prAdur AsIn mahAvIryaH kaMsa-dhvaMsa cikIrzayA ||

Right after the appearance of the transcendental reservoir of all living entities (zrI Baladeva), awareness of the Lord appeared in the heart of the living entities. Thereafter the eighth son, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, appeared as nArAyaNa with full opulences. The greatly heroic Lord appeared with a desire to vanquish kaMsa who was the personification of atheism.

vraja-bhUmiM tadAnItaH svarUpeNAbhavad dhariH |
sandhinI-nirmitA sA tu vizvAso bhitir eva ca ||

The Lord in His own form as Krishna was brought to Vraja, which is created by the sandhinI aspect of the spiritual potency. The root foundation of this land is faith. The purport is that this land does not exist in argument or speculative knowledge; it exists in faith.

na jJnAnaM na ca vairAgyaM tatra dRzyaM bhavet kadA |
tatraiva nanda-gopaH syAd Ananda iva mUrtimAn ||

Speculative knowledge or renunciation is not found there. The most blissful son of Nanda is the only authority there. There is no consideration of superiority or inferiority of the different castes in that abode. That is why He appeared in the family of cowherd men. He always engaged in tending and protecting the cows, as such activities are devoid of opulence and full of sweetness.

UllAsa-rUpiNI tasya yazoddA saha-dharmiNI |
AjIjanan mahAmAyAM yAM zaurir nItavAn vrajAt ||

The inferior energy, mAyA, who was begotten by the blissful mother YazodA, the wife of Nanda, was taken out of Vraja by Vasudeva. The mundane conception that is inherent in the conditioned souls’ impression of the spiritual abode is destroyed by the arrival of Krishna.
Hari Saran - Fri, 26 Aug 2005 23:14:48 +0530
A happy, happy Sri Krishna Janmasthami to everyone! smile.gif

Sri Krishna

Among Indian deities, perhaps none is as widely worshipped, admired, and adored as Krishna [also Krsna]. The worship of Krishna takes many forms, and he is encountered in numerous distinct regional traditions. The god Vishnu is most commonly worshipped in his aspect as Rama and Krishna, two of his ten incarnations; indeed, it is no exaggeration to suggest that Rama and Krishna have, in a manner of speaking, superseded Vishnu himself. Where Rama is usually and preeminently associated with the Ramayana, Krishna has a rather more complex place in Indian narrative traditions. He appears, of course, in the Mahabharata, as the wise, some might say cunning, counselor of the Pandavas, whose timely and much-debated interventions in the great war lead the Pandavas to victory; even more memorably, perhaps, he appears as the charioteer of the Pandava prince Arjuna, passing down those teachings that got enshrined in the part of the Mahabharata that came to be known as the Bhagavad Gita. However, for a great many Hindus, the preeminent text of Krishna worship is the Bhagavata Purana, and most particularly its Tenth Book, which recounts the childhood exploits of Krishna, his adolescence, and his life in Vrindavan and the Braj area amidst the villagers, gopis [cowherdesses], and his beloved, Radha.

anuraag - Sat, 27 Aug 2005 00:40:07 +0530

nand ke aanand bhaye ! jai kanhaiya laal ki ! !
anuraag - Sat, 27 Aug 2005 20:42:50 +0530
"dekh adbhuta....."

Ponder the Imponderable, the paths of the Unfathomable.

Consider the way He has taken the human guise,
He holds in His womb the universe, the whole,
yet He curls up in the corner of a winnowing pan.

From His navel spring Brahma and all the gods,
toward Whom every vow and work of the art are aimed,
Yet a woman of Braj has cut that navel cord
and bandaged it up with a strand of silken twine ...

- Saint Suradas
Translation by J. S. Hawley.

user posted image

Happy Janmashtami Greetings to all Gaudiyas!