putrasyAbhyudayArtham Adara-bharair miSTAnna-pAnotkarai-
rdivyAnAM ca gavAM maNi-vraja-yuSAM dAnair iha pratyaham |
yo viprAn gaNazaH pratoSayati tad bhavyasya vArtAM muhuH
snehAt pRcchati yaz ca tad-gata-manAs taM gokulendraM bhaje ||9||
"I worship Sri Nanda Maharaja, the king of Gokula, who satisfies the brAhmaNas by respectfully giving them sweets, drinks, divine cows and jewels in charity every day for the auspicious growth of his son, and who affectionately asks them for his son's wellbeing, being totally absorbed in thoughts of him."Stavamrita-kana-vyakhya:
When describing Sri Nandisvara Giri, Sri Raghunatha remembers Nanda and Yasoda, thus praising them in the next two verses. The summit of pure, sweet parental love for Krishna, bereft of any whiff of awe and reverence towards him, resides in Vrajaraja and Vrajesvari. This is clearly known from scriptures like Srimad Bhagavata. Even if a huge mountain of aizvArya
falls into the boundless ocean of this parental love, it won't have any impact. Hence, when praising Sri Nanda, it is first said: putrasyAbhyudayArtham Adara-bharair miSTAnna-pAnotkarair divyAnAM ca gavAM maNi-vraja-yuSAM dAnair iha pratyaham - "Every day he satisfies the [i]brAhmaNas
by respectfully giving them sweets, drinks, divine cows and jewels in charity for the auspicious growth of his son." Even when he sees Krishna's matchless prowess, Sri Nanda Maharaja is unswerving in his sweet parental love for him. Rather, it nourishes his conception of Krishna as his son - thus is elaborately described in Srimad Bhagavata.
As Sri Nanda Maharaja returned from Mathura after the killing of the witch Putana, he saw Putana's huge corpse with his own eyes. He had heard about these kinds of troubles in advance from Vasudeva Mahasaya, but still the ocean of his parental love swelled as he saw Putanari (the killer of Putana) as Sri Bala Gopala.
nandaH sva putram AdAya proSyAgatam udAra-dhIH |
mUrdhnyupAghrAya paraM mudaM lebhe kurUdvaha || (BhP 10.6.43)
Sri Sukadeva said: "O Maharaja Pariksit! When the high-souled Sri Nanda returned from his sojourn to Mathura, he held his son on his lap and felt the greatest bliss by smelling His head."
Srila Rupa Gosvami said: anubhAvaH ziroghrANam
- "One of the signs of parental love is the smelling of the head."
On the day of the Autthanika Parva (the festival to celebrate the child's ability to stand), Sri Nandanandana laid under a great cart and, crying for His mother's breast, he kicked his tender feet up into the air and kicked the huge cart over, thus killing Sakatasura, the infamous cart-demon, with his inconceivable power. The cowherdboys then went to Nanda and the cowherdmen and told them: "Nanda-nandana has thrown over the cart by kicking it with His feet!", but the men did not believe it.
na to zraddadhire gopA bAla bhAsitam ityuta |
aprameyaM balaM tasya bAlakasya na to viduH (BhP 10.7.10)
"Nanda and the cowherders could not believe the words of the infantile boys, because they did not experience the great inconceivable powers of Nandanandana out of great parental love."
Rather, Sri Nanda Maharaja became very worried about Krishna's safety and had the Veda-knowing brAhmaNas
perform all kinds of auspicious rituals for the welfare of his son.
iti bAlakam AdAya sAmarg-yajur-upAkRtaiH |
jalaiH pavitrauSadhibhir abhiSicya dvijottamaiH ||
vAcayitvA svastyayanaM nanda-gopaH samAhitaH |
hutvA cAgniM dvijAtibhyaH prAdAd annaM mahA-guNam ||
gAvaH sarva-guNopetA vAsaH-srag-rukma-mAlinIH |
AtmajAbhyudayArthAya prAdAt te cAnvayuJjata || (BhP 10.7.14-16)
"Sri Nanda Maharaja took his boy and made the Veda-knowing brAhmaNas bathe Him with water sanctified by mantras from the Sama-, Rk- and Yajur-Vedas, mixed with herbs like kuza, sarvauSadhi and mahauSadhi. After having the brAhmaNas perform other auspicious rites like the homa-sacrifice, he fed them a feast. Then he donated golden-laced garments and milk-cows, beautified by gold and garlands for the welfare (abhyudaya) of his son. Accepting Nanda's donations, the brAhmaNas offered their blessings to Nandanandana."
We can see that, out of parental love, Sri Nanda and the cowherdmen acted similarly after the killing of Trinavarta and the breaking of the Yamalarjuna trees.
When Sri Krishna lifted Giriraja Govardhana for seven days and nights in front of the Vrajavasis' eyes, the cowherders were astonished to see His inconceivable prowess, but when they told Sri Nanda Maharaja about this inconceivable prowess, it could not reverse his feelings of pure sweetness at all. Rather, he destroyed their doubts by quoting Garga Muni, who had told him previously (BhP 10.8.18-19) that the power of Sri Narayana was infused into his son, so that He would be able to protect them from all calamities and havoc. When the cowherders relished the nectarine words of Sri Nanda emanating from the ocean of his pure parental love, the ocean of their own sweet love, in which a mountain of Krishna's display of prowess was thrown, temporarily making waves in it, returned to its natural peaceful status. They were also reassured that Sri Krishna was simply the son of Sri Nanda and this awareness made them float in the ocean of topmost transcendental bliss.
When, during mathurA-viraha
(when Krishna had left Vraja to go to Mathura), the crownjewel of all wise and learned devotees, Sri Uddhava Mahasaya, saw the great parental love of Sri Nanda-Yasoda, he became astonished and exclaimed:
yuvAM zlAghyatamau nUnaM dehinAm iha mAna-da |
nArAyaNe ’khila-gurau yat kRtA matir IdRzI || (BhP 10.46.30)
"O bestower of honour! Of all the embodied souls, you are the most praiseworthy, for you have developed such a parental love for Sri Narayana, who is the Universal Teacher!"
Just to remove their distress, Sri Uddhava Mahasaya had told them in many different ways that Sri Krishna is the Supreme Lord, but that could not slacken their parental love even slightly.
We have said: the devotees' love causes the Lord's nature to awaken. Thus the Lord forgot all about His own majesty, being subdued by Sri Nanda Maharaja's pure parental love and just consider himself to be Sri Nandanandana, the son of king Nanda. Although he is the All-worshipable One, he devotedly held the dust of His father's lotus feet on his head. The Lord, whose feet are worshipable by lord Brahma and lord Siva, brought his father his slippers by carrying them on His head, thus making father Nanda float in an ocean of transcendental bliss.
Hence, Sripada Raghunatha says: "I worship this king of Gokula, Sri Nanda Maharaja, who daily offers different kinds of sweetmeats, jewels and decorated cows to satisfy the brAhmaNas
for the welfare of His son, and who affectionately asks the brAhmaNas
for Krishna's wellbeing, because he totally absorbed in thinking of his son."
putrera kalyANe yini ati samAdare |
nAnA-vidha miSTAnna ratna thAlA bhare ||
sudivya gAbhI-gaNe ratna alaGkAre |
bhUSita koriyA dAna kore brAhmaNere ||
putra snehe tad-gata cintita antare |
maGgala jijJAsA sadA kore brAhmaNere ||
putrera maGgala lAgi vyAkulita yini |
gokulendra zrI-nande bhajana kori Ami ||
"I worship the king of Gokula, Sri Nanda, who very respectfully offered jeweled plates with different kinds of sweetmeats and divine cows decorated with jeweled ornaments to the brAhmaNas, asking them for his son's welfare, being completely absorbed in thoughts of him and very anxious about his well-being."