I have a query regarding the Syamantaka Jewel.
Verses 10.34.30 – 10.34.32 of the Srimad Bhagavatam (BBT version) describe the slaying of Sankhacuda.
“ Lord Govinda chased the demon wherever he ran, eager to take his crest jewel. Meanwhile Lord Balarama stayed with the women to protect them. The mighty Lord overtook Sankhacuda from a great distance as if nearby, my dear King, and then with His fist the Lord removed the wicked demon’s head, together with his crest jewel. Having thus killed the demon Sankhacuda and taken away his shining jewel, Lord Krsna gave it to his elder brother with great satisfaction as the gopis watched”.
The jewel is described in here as ratnam and manim, both general terms for jewels, and further as cuda-manim or crest jewel.
In Sri Sri Vilapa Kusumanjalih, verse 34, Sri Raghunatha dasa Gosvami refers to this Lila, thus.
“ Oh Sumukhi (fair faced girl)! After Krsna killed the proud Sankhacuda-demon He gave the Syamantaka jewel, that He took from the demon’s head, to His brother Balarama (the enemy of Pralambasura). With a happy heart Balarama gave it to Madhumagala and You received it from Madhumangala’s hand. When can I hang this Syamantaka jewel, which is the friend of Krsna’s Kaustabha-gem, in a locket around Your neck?”
Later in Srimad Bhagavatam (10.56) a further account of the Syamantaka jewel is given, beginning with Satrajit receiving the jewel from the sun-god, Surya. Here it is clearly stated that the jewel is the Syamantaka jewel. Why did Sukadeva Gosvami not name it as the Syamantaka jewel when Krsna killed Sankhacuda? Is there one Syamantaka jewel or is this a type of jewel? Presuming that this is one jewel, does anyone know, how it was separated from Radha and came into the hands of Surya? We know from the later account the calamities that transpired when anyone tied to claim the Syamantaka jewel as their own, was this because it was not with it’s rightful owner, Radharani?