Discussions on the nectarine qualities and pastimes of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Sri-Sri Radha-Krishna. Please don't copy and paste here without starting a discussion.
The sixty-four qualities of Krishna - Introduction
Madhava - Sun, 03 Jul 2005 13:27:53 +0530
In discussing vibhAva (the elements that bring force to devotional feeling) and viSayAlambana (lit. "the object-foundation", as contrasted by AzrayAlambana, "the repository-foundation"), the sixty-four qualities of Sri Krishna are discussed in detail.
I would like to review these sixty-four divine and attractive qualities over a period of time. With this in mind, I'll be starting threads with the quality in turn along with Rupa Goswami's illustration of the same. The assembly of loving devotees can then take their turn and relate narrations and express their views and feelings of the quality under scrutiny.
I would rather hope that the discussions on the said qualities would be more than a copy-paste circus - though the references are certainly there, I'd like to hear how these qualities are relevant to you, I'd like to know what they mean to you.
Translations of Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu are basically mine, though they often borrow from the edition of David Haberman.
Madhava - Sun, 03 Jul 2005 13:59:14 +0530
nAyakAnAM ziro-ratnaM kRSNas tu bhagavAn svayam |
yatra nityatayA sarve virAjante mahA-guNAH || 2.1.17||
"He is the crown-jewel of all lovers, Krishna - Bhagavan himself; In him, all great qualities manifest perpetually."- Sri Krishna's Sixty-four Divine Qualities -(1) suramyAGgaH
-- His body is very pleasing and delightful;(2) sarva-sal-lakSaNAnvitaH
-- He is endowed with all good features;(3) ruciraH
-- He is good looking;(4) tejasA yuktaH
-- He is endowed with brilliance and might;(5) balIyAn
-- He is strong;(6) vayasAnvitaH
-- He is youthful;(7) vividhAdbhuta-bhASAvit
-- He is fluent in many wondrous languages;(8) satya-vAkyaH
-- His words are truthful;(9) priyaMvadaH
-- His speech is pleasant;(10) vAvadUkaH
-- He is an eloquent speaker;(11) supaNDityaH
-- He is well-learned;(12) buddhimAn
-- He is intelligent;(13) pratibhAnvitaH
-- He is witty;(14) vidagdhaH
-- He is artistic;(15) caturaH
-- He is adroit;(16) dakSaH
-- He is dexterous;(17) kRtajJaH
-- He is grateful;(18) sudRDha-vrataH
-- He is firm in his resolve;(19) deza-kAla-supAtrajJaH
-- He is a knower of proper time, place and recipient;(20) zAstra-cakSuH
-- The scriptures are his eyes;(21) zuciH
-- He is pure;(22) vazI
-- He is self-controlled;(23) sthiraH
-- He is persistent;(24) dAntaH
-- He is tolerant;(25) kSamAzIlaH
-- He is endurant;(26) gambhIraH
-- He is profound;(27) dhRtimAn
-- He is steadfast;(28) samaH
-- He is equipoised;(29) vadAnyaH
-- He is generous;(30) dhArmikaH
-- He is virtuous;(31) zUraH
-- He is brave;(32) karuNaH
-- He is compassionate;(33) mAnyamAnakRt
-- He is respectful;(34) dakSiNaH
-- He is favorable;(35) vinayI
-- He is humble;(36) hrImAn
-- He is modest;(37) zaraNAgata-pAlakaH
-- He is the protector of the surrendered;(38) sukhI
-- He is joyful;(39) bhakta-suhRt
-- He is a friend of the devotees;(40) prema-vazyaH
-- He is captivated by love;(41) sarva-zubhaGkaraH
-- He is the well-doer of all;(42) pratApI
-- He is imposing;(43) kIrtimAn
-- He is famous;(44) rakta-lokaH
-- He enamours the world;(45) sAdhu-samAzrayaH
-- He is partial to the saintly;(46) nArI-gaNa-mano-hArI
-- He steals the minds of women;(47) sarvArAdhyaH
-- He is worshipable for all;(48) samRddhimAn
-- He is prosperous;(49) varIyAn
-- He is eminent;(50) IzvaraH
-- He is supreme;(51) sadA-svarUpa-samprAptaH
-- He is always situated in his own being;(52) sarvajJaH
-- He is omniscient;(53) nitya-nUtanaH
-- He is ever-new;(54) sac-cid-Ananda-sAndrAGgaH
-- He is the condensed form of eternity, knowledge and bliss;(55) sarva-siddhi-niSevitaH
-- He is the possessor of all siddhis;(56) avicintya-mahA-zaktiH
-- His energies are inconceivably great;(57) koTi-brahmANDa-vigrahaH
-- Millions of universes exist in his form;(58) avatArAvalI-bIjam
-- He is the origin of all incarnations;(59) hatAri-gati-dAyakaH
-- He gives salvations to slain enemies;(60) AtmArAma-gaNAkarSI
-- He attracts those who rejoice in the self;(61) lIlA-mAdhuryaM
-- His pastimes are sweet;(62) premNA priyAdhikyam
-- The love of his dear ones is the greatest of all;(63) veNu-mAdhuryam
-- His flute-playing is sweet;(64) rUpa-mAdhuryaM
-- His form is sweet;
The last four qualities are known as the four asAdharaNa-guNas, or uncommon qualities, that aren't met even in the all-perfect beings of the various other forms of the Lord, appearing only in Krishna, the son of Nanda Maharaja, in Vraja.
Madhava - Sun, 03 Jul 2005 14:06:55 +0530
After we have exhausted all topics of discussion on the above 64 qualities of the one whose glories Ananta Shesha sings with thousands of mouths since beginningless time
, we can also look at his aspects as dhIrodAtta
, and then move on to the qualities of Sri Radha narrated in the Ujjvala-nilamani.
There are also other qualities and aspects of Krishna narrated in the first chapter of Ujjvala-nilamani, we can also take a look at them in the course of our study. However, for the immediate future, the above 64 qualities should offer us plenty enough to absorb ourselves in.
Madhava - Sun, 10 Jul 2005 16:39:37 +0530
QUOTE(Madhava @ Jul 3 2005, 08:57 AM)
I would like to review these sixty-four divine and attractive qualities over a period of time. With this in mind, I'll be starting a relevant thread twice weekly, on Sundays and on Wednesdays, with the quality in turn along with Rupa Goswami's illustration of the same.
Contrary to my original idea, I'll just post new threads on the theme whenever it seems appropriate. I don't want to force this into a routine.
Madhava - Sun, 10 Jul 2005 16:39:49 +0530
ko nirvRto hari-kathAsu ratiM na kuryAt || Bhag. 2.3.12
"Who wouldn't be attracted to discussions of Hari?"
The Bhagavata answers its own question -
nivRtta-tarSair upagIyamAnAd |
bhavauSadhAc chrotra-mano-'bhirAmAt ||
ka uttamazloka-guNAnuvAdAt |
pumAn virajyeta vinA pazughnAt || Bhag. 10.1.3
Those whose thirst for the mundane is quenched praise it,
it is the cure for mundane existence, and its hearing makes the mind rejoice;
Who wouldn't wish to hear narrations of the qualities of the One whom the finest of verses praise -
what kind of person could possibly stay aloof of them but a butcher?
notpAdayed yadi ratiM zrama eva hi kevalam || Bhag 1.2.8
"If such taste didn't awaken, it was but futile labor, all cast in vain..."