Narrations on the pastimes of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Radha-Krishna.
Danda Mahotsava - Panihati Festival - With Raghunatha Das and Nityananda
Madhava - Sun, 23 Jun 2002 00:14:50 +0530
Today we are celebrating the Danda Mahotsava festival in remembrance of Raghunatha Dasa's meeting Nityananda Prabhu at the village of Panihati. This famous meeting is recorded in the sixth chapter of Caitanya Caritamrita's Antya-lila. Kaviraja Gosvami narrates:
Madhava - Sun, 23 Jun 2002 00:18:27 +0530
DANDA MAHOTSAVA --
CELEBRATION OF THE PANIHATI FESTIVAL
12 - O devotees of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, now hear how Raghunatha dasa Gosvami met the Lord.
13 - When Raghunatha dasa, during his family life, went to meet Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu at Santipura, the Lord gave him worthy instructions by His causeless mercy.
14 - Instead of becoming a so- called renunciant, Raghunatha dasa, following the instructions of the Lord, returned home and played exactly like a pounds- and- shillings man.
15 - Raghunatha dasa was inwardly completely renounced, even in family life, but he did not express his renunciation externally. Instead, he acted just like an ordinary businessman. Seeing this, his father and mother were satisfied.
16 - When he received a message that Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had returned from Mathura City, Raghunatha dasa endeavored to go to the lotus feet of the Lord.
17 - At that time there was a Muslim official collecting the taxes of Saptagrama.
18 - When Hiranya dasa, Raghunatha dasa’s uncle, made an agreement with the government to collect taxes, the Muslim caudhuri, or tax collector, having lost his position, became extremely envious of him.
19 - Hiranya dasa was collecting 2,000,000 coins and therefore should have delivered 1,500,000 to the government. Instead, he was giving only 1,200,000, thus making an extra profit of 300,000 coins. Seeing this, the Muslim caudhuri, who was a Turk, became his rival.
20 - After sending a confidential account to the government treasury, the caudhuri brought the minister in charge. The caudhuri came, wanting to arrest Hiranya dasa, but Hiranya dasa had left home. Therefore the caudhuri arrested Raghunatha dasa.
21 - Every day, the Muslim would chastise Raghunatha dasa and tell him, “Bring your father and his elder brother. Otherwise you will be punished.”
22 - The caudhuri wanted to beat him, but as soon as he saw Raghunatha’s face, his mind changed, and he could not beat him.
23 - Indeed, the caudhuri was afraid of Raghunatha dasa because Raghunatha dasa belonged to the kayastha community. Although the caudhuri would chastise him with oral vibrations, he was afraid to beat him.
24 - While this was going on, Raghunatha dasa thought of a tricky method of escape. Thus he humbly submitted this plea at the feet of the Muslim caudhuri.
25 - “My dear sir, my father and his elder brother are your brothers. All brothers always fight about something.
26 - “Sometimes brothers fight among themselves, and sometimes they have very friendly dealings. There is no certainty when such changes will take place. Thus I am sure that although today you are fighting, tomorrow you three brothers will be sitting together in peace.
27 - “Just as I am my father’s son, so I am also yours. I am your dependent, and you are my maintainer.
28 - “For a maintainer to punish the person he maintains is not good. You are expert in all the scriptures. Indeed, you are like a living saint.”
29 - When the Muslim heard Raghunatha dasa’s appealing voice, his heart softened. He began to cry, and tears glided down his beard.
30 - The Muslim caudhuri told Raghunatha dasa, “You are my son from this day on. Today, by some means, I shall have you released.”
31 - After informing the minister, the caudhuri released Raghunatha dasa and then began to speak to him with great affection.
32 - “Your father’s elder brother is less intelligent,” he said. “He enjoys 800,000 coins, but since I am also a shareholder, he should give some portion of it to me.
33 - “Now you go arrange a meeting between me and your uncle. Let him do whatever he thinks best. I shall completely depend on his decision.”
34 - Raghunatha dasa arra
nged a meeting between his uncle and the caudhuri. The matter was settled, and everything was peaceful.
35 - In this way Raghunatha dasa passed one year exactly like a first- class business manager, but the next year he again decided to leave home.
36 - He got up alone one night and left, but his father caught him in a distant place and brought him back.
37 - This became almost a daily affair. Raghunatha would run away from home, and his father would again bring him back. Then Raghunatha dasa’s mother spoke to his father as follows.
38 - “Our son has become mad,” she said. “Just keep him by binding him with ropes.” His father, being very unhappy, replied to her as follows.
39 - “Raghunatha dasa, our son, has opulences like Indra, the heavenly King, and his wife is as beautiful as an angel. Yet all this could not tie down his mind.
40 - “How then could we keep this boy home by binding him with ropes? It is not possible even for one’s father to nullify the reactions of one’s past activities.
41 - “Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu has fully bestowed His mercy on him. Who can keep home such a madman of Caitanyacandra?”
42 - Then Raghunatha dasa considered something in his mind, and the next day he went to Nityananda Gosani.
43 - In the village of Panihati, Raghunatha dasa obtained an interview with Nityananda Prabhu, who was accompanied by many kirtana performers, servants and others.
44 - Sitting on a rock under a tree on the bank of the Ganges, Lord Nityananda seemed as effulgent as hundreds of thousands of rising suns.
45 - Many devotees sat on the ground surrounding Him. Seeing the influence of Nityananda Prabhu, Raghunatha dasa was astonished.
46 - Raghunatha dasa offered his obeisances by falling prostrate at a distant place, and the servant of Nityananda Prabhu pointed out, “There is Raghunatha dasa, offering You obeisances.”
47 - Hearing this, Lord Nityananda Prabhu said, “You are a thief. Now you have come to see Me. Come here, come here. Today I shall punish you!”
48 - The Lord called him, but Raghunatha dasa did not go near the Lord. Then the Lord forcibly caught him and placed His lotus feet upon Raghunatha dasa’s head.
49 - Lord Nityananda was by nature very merciful and funny. Being merciful, He spoke to Raghunatha dasa as follows.
50 - “You are just like a thief, for instead of coming near, you stay away at a distant place. Now that I have captured you, I shall punish you.
51 - “Make a festival and feed all My associates yogurt and chipped rice.” Hearing this, Raghunatha dasa was greatly pleased.
52 - Raghunatha dasa immediately sent his own men to the village to purchase all kinds of eatables and bring them back.
53 - Raghunatha dasa brought chipped rice, yogurt, milk, sweetmeats, sugar, bananas and other eatables and placed them all around.
54 - As soon as they heard that a festival was going to be held, all kinds of brahmanas and other gentlemen began to arrive. Thus there were innumerable people.
55 - Seeing the crowd increasing, Raghunatha dasa arranged to get more eatables from other villages. He also brought two to four hundred large, round earthen pots.
56 - He also obtained five or seven especially large earthen pots, and in these pots a brahmana began soaking chipped rice for the satisfaction of Lord Nityananda.
57 - In one place, chipped rice was soaked in hot milk in each of the large pots. Then half the rice was mixed with yogurt, sugar and bananas.
58 - The other half was mixed with condensed milk and a special type of banana known as canpa- kala. Then sugar, clarified butter and camphor were added.
59 - After Nityananda Prabhu had changed His cloth for a new one and sat on a raised platform, the brahmana brought before Him the seven huge pots.
60 - On that platform, all the most important associates of Sri Nityananda Prabhu, as well as other important men, sat down in a circle around the Lord.
61 - Among them
were Ramadasa, Sundarananda, Gadadhara dasa, Murari, Kamalakara, Sadasiva and Purandara.
62 - Dhananjaya, Jagadisa, Paramesvara dasa, Mahesa, Gauridasa and Hoda Krsnadasa were also there.
63 - Similarly, Uddharana Datta Thakura and many other personal associates of the Lord sat on the raised platform with Nityananda Prabhu. No one could count them all.
64 - Hearing about the festival, all kinds of learned scholars, brahmanas and priests went there. Lord Nityananda Prabhu honored them and made them sit on the raised platform with Him.
65 - Everyone was offered two earthen pots. In one was put chipped rice with condensed milk, and in the other chipped rice with yogurt.
66 - All the other people sat in groups around the platform. No one could count how many people there were.
67 - Each and every one of them was supplied two earthen pots—one of chipped rice soaked in yogurt and the other of chipped rice soaked in condensed milk.
68 - Some of the brahmanas, not having gotten a place on the platform, went to the bank of the Ganges with their two earthen pots and soaked their chipped rice there.
69 - Others, who could not get a place even on the bank of the Ganges, got down into the water and began eating their two kinds of chipped rice.
70 - Thus some sat on the platform, some at the base of the platform, and some on the bank of the Ganges, and they were all supplied two pots each by the twenty men who distributed the food.
71 - At that time, Raghava Pandita arrived there. Seeing the situation, he began to laugh in great surprise.
72 - He brought many kinds of food cooked in ghee and offered to the Lord. This prasadam he first placed before Lord Nityananda and then distributed among the devotees.
73 - Raghava Pandita said to Lord Nityananda, “For You, Sir, I have already offered food to the Deity, but You are engaged in a festival here, and so the food is lying there untouched.”
74 - Lord Nityananda replied, “Let Me eat all this food here during the day, and I shall eat at your home at night.
75 - “I belong to a community of cowherd boys, and therefore I generally have many cowherd associates with Me. I am happy when we eat together in a picnic like this by the sandy bank of the river.”
76 - Lord Nityananda made Raghava Pandita sit down and had two pots delivered to him also. There were two kinds of chipped rice soaked in them.
77 - When chipped rice had been served to everyone, Lord Nityananda Prabhu, in meditation, brought Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
78 - When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu arrived, Lord Nityananda Prabhu stood up. They then saw how the others were enjoying the chipped rice with yogurt and condensed milk.
79 - From each and every pot, Lord Nityananda Prabhu took one morsel of chipped rice and pushed it into the mouth of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as a joke.
80 - Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, also smiling, took a morsel of food, pushed it into the mouth of Nityananda and laughed as He made Lord Nityananda eat it.
81 - In this way Lord Nityananda was walking through all the groups of eaters, and all the Vaisnavas standing there were seeing the fun.
82 - No one could understand what Nityananda Prabhu was doing as He walked about. Some, however, who were very fortunate, could see that Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was also present.
83 - Then Nityananda Prabhu smiled and sat down. On His right side He kept four pots of chipped rice that had not been made from boiled paddy.
84 - Lord Nityananda offered Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu a place and had Him sit down. Then together the two brothers began eating chipped rice.
85 - Seeing Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu eating with Him, Lord Nityananda Prabhu became very happy and exhibited varieties of ecstatic love.
86 - Lord Nityananda Prabhu ordered, “All of you eat, chanting the holy name of Hari.” Immediately the holy names “Hari, Hari” resounded, filling the entire universe.
87 - When all the Vaisnavas were chanting
the holy names “Hari, Hari” and eating, they remembered how Krsna and Balarama ate with Their companions the cowherd boys on the bank of the Yamuna.
88 - Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Lord Nityananda Prabhu are extremely merciful and liberal. It was Raghunatha dasa’s good fortune that They accepted all these dealings.
89 - Who can understand the influence and mercy of Lord Nityananda Prabhu? He is so powerful that He induced Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to come eat chipped rice on the bank of the Ganges.
90 - All the confidential devotees who were cowherd boys, headed by Sri Ramadasa, were absorbed in ecstatic love. They thought the bank of the Ganges to be the bank of the Yamuna.
91 - When the shopkeepers of many other villages heard about the festival, they arrived there to sell chipped rice, yogurt, sweetmeats and bananas.
92 - As they came, bringing all kinds of food, Raghunatha dasa purchased it all. He gave them the price for their goods and later fed them the very same food.
93 - Anyone who came to see how these funny things were going on was also fed chipped rice, yogurt and bananas.
94 - After Lord Nityananda Prabhu finished eating, He washed His hands and mouth and gave Raghunatha dasa the food remaining in the four pots.
95 - There was food remaining in the three other big pots of Lord Nityananda, and a brahmana distributed it to all the devotees, giving a morsel to each.
96 - Then a brahmana brought a flower garland, placed the garland on Nityananda Prabhu’s neck and smeared sandalwood pulp all over His body.
97 - When a servant brought betel nuts and offered them to Lord Nityananda, the Lord smiled and chewed them.
98 - With His own hands Lord Nityananda Prabhu distributed to all the devotees whatever flower garlands, sandalwood pulp and betel nuts remained.
99 - After receiving the remnants of food left by Lord Nityananda Prabhu, Raghunatha dasa, who was greatly happy, ate some and distributed the rest among his own associates.
100 - Thus I have described the pastimes of Lord Nityananda Prabhu in relation to the celebrated festival of chipped rice and yogurt.
(From the BBT edition of Caitanya Caritamrita, translated by AC Bhaktivedanta Swami)